Also with initial capitals.An elected body consisting of residents of a township street, falling under the control of a civic, and carrying out the tasks of local government. Also attributive.See also people’s court sense 3.
The street committees perform the duties of the former township municipalities, which collapsed during the 1980s (having been widely perceived as illegitimate apartheid structures).
1986Race Rel. Survey 1985 (S.A.I.R.R.) 531The unrest led to the collapse of black local government structures in many areas. The development of alternative structures of government by residents emerged..and took the form of street committees, area committees, and ‘people’s courts’.
1986A. Sparks inCape Times 18 Dec. 12An extensive network of community organizations has sprung up in the townships in recent years — action committees, street committees, civic associations and student groups. Backed by the trade unions and co-ordinated by national political organizations like the United Democratic Front and Azapo, they have developed into a shadow civic administration in the black areas.
1987Race Rel. Survey 1986 (S.A.I.R.R.) 131A further component of ANC strategy is the creation of alternative structures of government to replace official structures such as black town councils and community councils. One such structure is the street committee.
1987Weekly Mail 17 July 4Each ward in the area, it is alleged, was divided into street committees with a ‘street captain’ as the leader.
1988Now Everyone Is Afraid (Catholic Inst. for Internat. Rel.) 6Communities developed their own structures to take over the running of the townships. Street committees were set up to organise basic services and to represent residents on co-ordinating structures.
1989B. Sokutu inE. Prov. Herald 26 Oct. 8A street committee consisted of seven people, and seven streets usually formed an area committee, depending on the size of the area.
1989N. Mathiane inFrontline Mar. 9She was prominent in street committee work and it is widely believed that her committee had aroused jealousies among others who believed that her street was meant to be part of their territory.
1990R. Malan inCosmopolitan Apr. 163A UDF street committee ordered her to produce her grandson; when she failed to comply, she was killed.
1991M. Alexander on M-Net TV 10 Mar. (Carte Blanche)In Alexandra a network of street committees or small people’s courts report upward to the civic association.
1993Sunday Times 31 Oct. 7We have excellent intelligence. We are plugged into the street committees and area committees..and we know everything.
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