Stem, noun

Origin:
Afrikaans, Show more Afrikaans, ‘voice’, elliptical for Die Stem van Suid-Afrika ‘The Voice of South Africa,’ the name of a patriotic song written in Afrikaans by C.J. Langenhoven and set to music by M.L. de Villiers.
Die Stem /di -/, the Stem: From 1938 to 1960, one of two official national anthems, with ‘God save the King (or Queen)’; from 1961, the sole official national anthem; from 1994, one of two national anthems, with Nkosi Sikelel' (iAfrika).
[1934 A.J. Barnouw Lang. & Race Problems 57By Die Stem van Suid-Afrika he (sc. Langenhoven) will remain alive to later generations, for..his voice has become the voice of his people.]
1939 Star 4 Feb. 12Dr Malan..is the first in the field with a request that ‘Die Stem’ shall be the one and only national anthem of the country.
1944 Twede in Bevel Piet Kolonel 52Wilfred played the ‘Stem,’ and ‘God Save the King,’ and then again came over to ask whether he should play all the National anthems over and over again.
1952 Rand Daily Mail 5 Apr. 1‘Die Stem’: English translation issued.
1956 M. Rogers Black Sash 34All stood to join in singing ‘Die Stem’ in both languages.
1957 Cape Times 3 Apr.In a blaze of naval pageantry 143 years of British occupation of Simonstown came to an end yesterday as the Union Jack was lowered and a Royal Marine band played ‘The Queen’. Then..the national flag was hoisted..as the South African Navy band struck up Die Stem.
1972 Sunday Times 14 May 14We were endowed with two flags and two anthems. The Union Jack and ‘The King’ were mainly associated with the English section, and the Union Flag and ‘Die Stem’ with the Afrikaans section...In 1938 the newly established United Party under the Prime Ministership of Gen. Hertzog, gave official recognition to Die Stem.
1973 Star 8 June 13Somehow Afrikaans schools always seem to emphasise things like flag-hoisting and singing ‘Die Stem’.
1991 E. Prov. Herald 16 May 1Die Stem had political connotations and..it should either be dropped or sung with Nkosi Sikelel’ iAfrika.
1991 F. Keating in Guardian Weekly 9 Oct. 31The appalling double-cross of the ANC when the hated anthem Die Stem was played in the ‘comeback’ Test at Ellis Park.
From 1938 to 1960, one of two official national anthems, with ‘God save the King (or Queen)’; from 1961, the sole official national anthem; from 1994, one of two national anthems, with Nkosi Sikelel' (iAfrika).

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19341991