Model C, noun phrase

Origin:
Used first by the Minister of National Education in a letter explaining the new system to education departments and parents.
Used attributively, especially of a formerly ‘white’ state school which has chosen an administrative structure allowing discretion concerning the admission of pupils (including the option to accept pupils from all ethnic groups), and giving more freedom (under a Board of Governors), but less financial support from the provincial education department; loosely, a non-racial state school.
Note:
In the early 1990s various options were offered to (exclusively ‘white’) state schools in an attempt to resolve the issues of dwindling state resources and pressure for non-racial schooling: Model A (private and self-funding), Model B (provincially-funded but exercising its own admission criteria), Model C, and Model Q (retaining the status quo). ‘Model D’ was the name given to DET schools which operated as Model B schools. ‘Model C’ is the only designation which has assumed some importance in South African English.
1991 M. Metcalfe Desegregating Education in South Africa (Education Policy Unit, Wits University) 17On 10th September 1990, Minister Piet Case announced the new government admission policy options for white State schooling...For each of the three models (designated A, B and C) it was stipulated that the total number of white children had to be at least 51% of the whole...Model C offers the possibility of semi-privatisation.
1992 Weekend Argus 22 Feb. 19The revised [parliamentary] programme for next week allows for the Education Affairs Amendment Bill, which provides for the conversion of white schools to Model C.
1992 A.B. Olmesdahl in Natal Witness 9 Nov. 5The salaries paid by the [Natal Education] department to teaching and non-teaching staff at Model C schools represents more than 80% of the costs.
1992 in Weekend Mercury 19 Dec. 4Feeling the brunt of Model C fees. Parents face staggering school fee increases next month when the full brunt of the conversion to Model C will be felt for the first time.
1993 A. Ralphs in Weekly Mail 8 Apr. (Suppl.) 4A..caretaker of a local church in one of the ‘grey areas’ of Johannesburg had his grandchildren refused entry into the local Model C school...He now has to..transport them to schools in Soweto...The failure of the Model C option lies..in its naive and dangerous attempt to isolate a small section of the population from the systemic nature of the education crisis in South Africa.
1993 P. Maurice in Weekly MailBy last August, 98 percent of all previously white schools in the country had voted to become Model C.
1993 DEC News Vol.4 No.1, 6In future Model C schools will be referred to by the Department as state-aided schools.
1994 G. Knowler in Weekend Argus 12 Feb. 7Angry parents have threatened court action to overturn a decision barring black children from the Model C Hluhluwe Primary School in Zululand.
1995 K. Strachan in E. Prov. Herald 11 Jan. 3The ANC was opposed to Model C schools insofar as they were used to maintain white privilege.
Used attributively, especially of a formerly ‘white’ state school which has chosen an administrative structure allowing discretion concerning the admission of pupils (including the option to accept pupils from all ethnic groups), and giving more freedom (under a Board of Governors), but less financial support from the provincial education department; loosely, a non-racial state school.

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