M Plan, noun phrase

Origin:
EnglishShow more The initial letter of Mandela (Nelson Mandela having played an important role in the plan’s formulation) + English plan.
historical
The name given to the African National Congress strategy of organizing its membership into cells; Mandela Plan, see Mandela.
Note:
The M Plan was adopted in the late 1950s as a means of ensuring the continued existence of the organization, should it be banned.
1964 M. Benson Afr. Patriots 196In Port Elizabeth..the M Plan which Mandela had conceived, which meant street to street and house to house canvassing and organizing, was being carefully implemented.
1990 City Press 11 Feb. 6Although Mandela..was banned from gatherings, he continued to work with small..congress meetings. He was instrumental in the formulation of the ‘M’ Plan, named after him. ANC branches were to be broken down into cells to cope with the possibility that it would have to work underground.
1990 E. Prov. Herald 12 Feb. 8When the ANC was banned in 1960, the M-Plan was adapted to form the organisational base of Umkhonto we Sizwe, the organisation’s military wing.
The name given to the African National Congress strategy of organizing its membership into cells; Mandela Plan, see Mandela.

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19641990