DSAE test file

field cornet, noun phrase

Forms:
Also field-cornett, and with initial capitals.
Origin:
South African DutchShow more Translation of South African Dutch veld kornet, see veld-kornet.
1. In historical contexts. A civilian official invested with the rank and responsibilities of a military officer and with various judicial powers enabling him to act as a local administrator, magistrate, sheriff, and keeper of the peace in a ward; cornet; veld cornet; veld-kornet sense 1. Also used as a title.
Note:
At the Cape, field cornets were appointed by the government but not directly remunerated for their services; in the Boer republics they were elected. Militarily subordinate to field commandants, in civil and judicial matters field cornets were responsible to landdrosts. They were replaced by justices of the peace in 1916.
1800 G. Yonge in G.M. Theal Rec. of Cape Col. (1898) III. 197Correct Lists of all such Inhabitants as shall have taken out their regular License to kill Game, to be sent to the different Field Cornets in their Districts.
1988 Smuts & Alberts Forgotten Highway through Ceres & Bokkeveld 122He bought a farm..in Piketberg, where he became a field cornet.
2. In historical contexts. A rank in the army, equivalent to that of Lieutenant; veld-kornet sense 2.
1950 D. Reed Somewhere S. of Suez 187The Nationalist Afrikaner Minister of Defence in 1948 announced that it (sc. the Defence Force) would be reorganized ‘so that it would become independent of co-operation from sources outside the Union’...In that spirit, apparently, the British military model and nomenclature were done away with and the Boer Commandos revived, with their ranks from Field Cornet to Commandant.
1971 F.A. Van Jaarsveld in Std Encycl. of Sn Afr. IV. 488The title of field-cornet disappeared finally as a civil office and was replaced by ‘justice of the peace’. In 1960 the military rank was restored and took the place of lieutenant, to denote an officer of a particular rank in the South African army, but only in the land forces. The former second lieutenant now became assistant field-cornet.
3. A rank in the Voortrekkers (see Voortrekker noun sense 2 b), an Afrikaner youth organization.
1975 J.F.P. Badenhorst in Std Encycl. of Sn Afr. XI. 288Membership [of the Voortrekker movement] is open to White boys and girls, officers (‘field cornets’ and ‘commandants’), executive members and ‘lay members’.
A civilian official invested with the rank and responsibilities of a military officer and with various judicial powers enabling him to act as a local administrator, magistrate, sheriff, and keeper of the peace in a ward; cornet; veld cornet; veld-kornet1. Also used as a title.
A rank in the army, equivalent to that of Lieutenant; veld-kornet2.
A rank in the Voortrekkers (see Voortrekkernoun2 b), an Afrikaner youth organization.

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18001988