DSAE test file

Fetcani, noun

Forms:
Fecane, FetekaneShow more Also Fecane, Fetekane, Ficani, Fikani, Fitcani, Fitkanie.
Plurals:
unchanged.
Origin:
XhosaShow more Englished form of Xhosa iimfecani marauders (singular imfecane), see Mfecane.
historical
1. plural. A name given to any of several groups, clans, or tribes (especially the Ngwane), who, retreating southwards from present-day KwaZulu-Natal during the wars of the early 19th century, overpowered many southern Nguni peoples in turn; these groups collectively; Imfecane sense 1. Also attributive. See also Mantatee.
1827 W. Shaw Diary. 31 Aug.The tribe now approaching the Colony & Caffreland is called by the Caffres Fikani, and are..intrepid in warfare, very numerous, and very cruel.
1980 Lye & Murray Transformations 50He used time and circumstances to consolidate his power. As his son, Nehemiah Moshoeshoe, observed, ‘The paramountcy was created by the disturbances of the Fetcani’, the wandering hordes.
2. The Mfecane, see Mfecane.
1972 J.P. van S. Bruwer in Std Encycl. of Sn Afr. IX. 598From these wars resulted the forced migration (termed lifaqane, difaqane, fetcani or mfecane by the Bantu) of many tribes between 1818 and the time of the Great Trek.
A name given to any of several groups, clans, or tribes (especially the Ngwane), who, retreating southwards from present-day KwaZulu-Natal during the wars of the early 19th century, overpowered many southern Nguni peoples in turn; these groups collectively; Imfecane1. Also attributive.
The Mfecane, see Mfecane.

Visualise Quotations

Quotation summary

Senses

18271980