East Coast Fever, noun phrase

Forms:
Also with small initials.
Origin:
So named because endemic on the east coast of Africa.
Pathology
An acute and often fatal disease of cattle, caused by the protozoan Theileria parva and transmitted by the brown ear tick; African Coast Fever. Also attributive.
Note:
A notifiable disease.
1904 A. Theiler in Report of S. Afr. Assoc. for Advancement of Sci. 211East Coast fever being a piroplasma disease, led investigators to believe that it must be carried by ticks.
1909 Ilanga 1 Jan. 4The dispute..in connection with cattle, which the Government has ordered to be destroyed, under the East Coast fever regulations.
1913 C. Pettman Africanderisms 500The fact has been established that ticks are the medium by which the diseases known as red-water, heart-water, and east-coast fever are conveyed from one area to another.
1921 E. Prov. Herald 4 Feb.East Coast Fever has now become so serious that a series of meetings..will be held..in order to organise a campaign to stamp out this scourge.
1937 C. Birkby Zulu Journey 41The rinderpest of 1897 wiped out cattle at a rate of 500 a week...And then in 1904 we had the East Coast Fever.
1955 Report of Commission for Socio-Economic Dev. of Bantu Areas (UG61–1955) 80Tick-borne diseases, and in particular East Coast Fever, constitute an ever present or potential menace.
1966 C.A. Smith Common Names 459East Coast fever is said to be unknown in Mopani veld.
1974 A.P. Cartwright By Waters of Letaba 140On account of the East Coast Fever epidemic we were not allowed to use oxen.
1986 P. Maylam Hist. of Afr. People 1401903 was a year of drought, and it was followed by the spread of east coast fever over the next few years.
1990 B. Godbold Autobiography. 104Rinderpest and East Coast Fever had greatly reduced the number of cattle during the early years of this century.
An acute and often fatal disease of cattle, caused by the protozoan Theileria parva and transmitted by the brown ear tick; African Coast Fever. Also attributive.

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