1786G. Forstertr. ofA. Sparrman’s Voy. to Cape of G.H.I. 347On a height near the uppermost farm on Zeekoe-rivier grew the bread-tree (brood-boom) of the Hottentots, discovered by Professor Thunberg, and of which he has given a description and drawing by the name of the Cycas Caffra.
1795C.R. Hopsontr. ofC.P. Thunberg’s Trav.I. 201The Bread tree Zamia caffra is a species of palm, which grows on the hills, below the mountains, on these tracts. It was of the height and thickness of a man at most, very much spread, and single. It is out of the pith, (medulla) of this tree that the Hottentots contrive to prepare their bread.
1834T. PringleAfr. Sketches 204The Hottentot bread-tree, a species of palm.
1917R. MarlothDict. of Common Names of Plants 16Bread-tree, Kaffir—. Encephalartos caffer, E. Lehmanni, E. Allensteinii, etc. The pith contains starch and is turned into a food by the natives, like sago.
1965S. EliovsonS. Afr. Wild Flowers for Garden 222Encephalartos, Cycad, Bread Tree, Broodboom. The Cycads are said to be living fossils in that they are descendants of a primitive type of vegetation that covered the earth long before the time of early man.
1977E. PalmerField Guide to Trees of Sn Afr. 64Bread Tree, Encephalartos altensteinii...Eastern Cape, from Bushman’s River..eastwards and northwards to southern Natal border, coastal bush and forest.
1988H. Goosen inS. Afr. Panorama Mar. 35Thunberg had observed how the Hottentots were preparing a crude type of bread from the stem of a tree-like plant. The popular name bread-tree derives from this incident.
1990R. StengelJanuary Sun 11The cycad is known as the..bread tree in English. The plant’s pith yields a starch that was used to make bread by de la Rey’s ancestors, the Boers, the country’s first white settlers.
Any of several species of cycad of the genus Encephalartos of the Zamiaceae, especially E. altensteinii and E. longifolius; breadfruit; bread palm; broodboom; Hottentot(’s) bread sense (a), see Hottentotnoun6 a.
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