Named for the broad black sashes worn by members at protest vigils as a symbol of mourning.
a.obs.A protest campaign by the Women’s Defence of the Constitution League, organized in opposition to the disenfranchisement of ‘coloured’ voters, and characterized by members wearing black sashes as they stood in silent protest. Also attributive.
1955Sunday Times inM. RogersBlack Sash (1956) 99What can the majority do but protest again and again? This is what the Women’s Defence of the Constitution League has been doing, through the Black Sash movement.
1956Friend inM. RogersBlack Sash (1956) 64Bloemfontein’s ‘Black Sash’ women members of the Defence of the Constitution League were here, there and everywhere in the city yesterday.
b.A name given by the Press to the Women’s Defence of the Constitution League, and adopted as its official title; Sashnoun. Also attributive.See also sashverb.
The Black Sash works for the protection and advancement of civil rights through protest, research, and the maintenance of a network of advice offices (see advice office).
1956M. RogersBlack Sash 227The Women’s Defence of the Constitution League decided at this conference..in the light of the changed constitutional circumstances to change its name to ‘The Black Sash.’
1962A.J. LuthuliLet my People Go 213A further meeting was fitted in in Rondebosch — the Black Sash wanted me.
1970E.D. Stott inStd Encycl. of Sn Afr.II. 353With the passing of the Senate Act, the Black Sash turned its attention to all other legislation considered unjust or a deprivation of civil rights and liberties, which it was constituted to uphold.
1978Daily Dispatch 14 July 1The Black Sash is a women’s protest organisation formed in the 1950’s to draw attention to injustices in South African society.
A protest campaign by the Women’s Defence of the Constitution League, organized in opposition to the disenfranchisement of ‘coloured’ voters, and characterized by members wearing black sashes as they stood in silent protest. Also attributive.
A name given by the Press to the Women’s Defence of the Constitution League, and adopted as its official title; Sashnoun. Also attributive.
Hence Black Sashtransitiveverb, sashverb; Black Sashernoun phrase, a member of the Black Sash; Sasher, see Sashnoun; Black Sashingverbal noun phrase; Black Sashismnoun phrase (rare), the practices, ideals, and policies of the Black Sash.
1955J. Mervis inM. RogersBlack Sash (1956) 72Black Sashism has become accepted practice in South Africa.
1956M. RogersBlack Sash 57By the time he had been ‘black sashed’ twice, he managed to raise a smile, and looked the women straight in the face.
1956Melbourne Herald (Australia) inM. RogersBlack Sash 70At a ceremonial opening of a police barracks, the Minister of Justice, Mr C.R. Swart, scrambled over a fence to avoid walking through the Black Sashers’ gauntlet.
1956P. Wolstenholme inM. RogersBlack Sash 256These things are best left to the women, who after all tackle all the hardest jobs, such as street collecting and Black Sashing.
1965W. Jackson inBlack SashVol.9No.2, 32As I stood around shivering, I noticed a long line of Black Sashers standing at the edge of the quay-side.
1971J. RobertsonLiberalism in S. Afr. 141The Black Sashers were initially concerned with the preservation of the Constitution and with promoting the unity of the white races in South Africa.
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