bishop-bird, noun

Origin:
Perhaps so named because of the scarlet and black plumage of Euplectes oryx.
Any of several birds of the genus Euplectes of the Ploceidae, especially E. oryx; bishop. Frequently also with distinguishing epithet.
1884 Layard & Sharpe Birds of S. Afr. 463We have not thought it necessary to separate these two Bishop Birds specifically.
1900 Stark & Sclater Birds of S. Afr. I. 127In winter the Bishop Birds collect in flocks sometimes numbering thousands of individuals.
1923 Haagner & Ivy Sketches of S. Afr. Bird-Life 118The Red Bishop-Bird or Kaffir-fink (P[yromelana] oryx), too well known in its brilliant plumage of orange-scarlet and black to need any description.
1937 M. Alston Wanderings 84The particular joys of this spot were..the scarlet bishop-birds on an island, absorbed in weaving their nests, and, like leaping flames, flying backwards and forwards from the mainland.
1950 E.L. Gill First Guide to S. Afr. Birds 30Yellow Bishop-bird, A larger bird..than the Red Kaffir-vink, with..shining yellow in place of scarlet.
1961 Redwing (St Andrew’s College, Grahamstown) 17In one vlei close to our house thousands of red bishop birds used to nest every summer; however, fires have burnt off most of the reeds and last year I didn’t find a single bishop bird’s nest.
1970 G.J. Broekhuysen in Std Encycl. of Sn Afr. II. 345The weavers, the Cape weaver for instance, or the red bishop-bird, build a very complicated nest like a closed basket, which sometimes has a short tubular entrance.
1986 L.B. Hall in Style July 97From the bushes red bishop birds rise up in fright, like small flying embers.
Any of several birds of the genus Euplectes of the Ploceidae, especially E. oryx; bishop. Frequently also with distinguishing epithet.

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18841986