Big Hole, noun phrase

A vast man-made excavation in the city of Kimberley (Northern Cape), formerly the Kimberley Diamond Mine, but disused since 1914.
1925 E. Prov. Herald 24 July 8The Prince made an unofficial visit to Kimberley’s ‘big hole,’ 1,700 feet deep.
1936 L.G. Green Secret Afr. 226Before leaving Kimberley I motored with Mr. Grimmer to a place rich in memories, the ‘Big Hole’ of the abandoned Kimberley Mine. Here is the largest open working man has ever dug: a gigantic funnel in the earth.
c1937 Our Land (United Tobacco Co.)The ‘Big Hole,’ Kimberley, is over 3,500 feet deep and is stated to be the deepest open excavation in the world.
1967 E. Rosenthal Encycl. of Sn Afr. 287Digging was concentrated at Colesberg Koppie...The Koppie was literally dug away, and the gigantic pit, now referred to as the ‘Big Hole’, came into existence.
1970 P.C. Winters in Std Encycl. of Sn Afr. II. 317Big Hole, Kimberley..is 1,600 yds in circumference, with a diameter of 1,520 ft. from north to south and 1,490 ft. from east to west. It occupies an area of 38 acres..to a depth of 1,200 ft.
1971 Daily Dispatch 10 July (Suppl.)Diamond City Celebrates. Mining at the Big Hole came to a halt in 1914 — 25 400 000 metric tons of Kimberlite and 14.5 million carats of diamonds after its discovery.
1989 Personality 13 Mar. 38As you fly over Kimberley, the Big Hole stares up at you like a gaping eye. It’s deserted now.
1990 Weekend Post 23 June (Leisure) 3Our three-day safari included a four-hour stop-over at Kimberley to view the Big Hole and museum.
A vast man-made excavation in the city of Kimberley (Northern Cape), formerly the Kimberley Diamond Mine, but disused since 1914.
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