Bergenaar, noun

Forms:
Also Bergener.
Origin:
South African DutchShow more South African Dutch, ‘mountain dweller’, berg mountain + noun-forming suffix -enaar.
historical
Usually in the plural : A group of Griqua rebels who lived in mountain strongholds, surviving often by armed robbery. Also attributive.
1824 Mevill in J. Philip Researches (1828) II. 81A number of disaffected people now began to leave the country to join the Bergenaars, or Mountaineers.
1825 W. Threlfall in B. Shaw Memorials (1841) 340It had been previously reported, that Mr. Archbell and some of his people had been killed by the Bergenaars.
1834 T. Pringle Afr. Sketches 359Certain bands of banditti, of mixed colonial and African lineage..had recently fixed themselves in the fastnesses of the Stormberg mountains, and had from that circumstance obtained the name of Bergenaars (mountaineers).
a1875 T. Baines Jrnl of Res. (1964) II. 19Her daughter was detained in servitude by the Bergenaars or mountain Hottentots.
1877 J. Noble S. Afr. 80The disorganized bodies under the names of Barolongs, Basutos, Mantatees, Korannas, Bergeners, and Bushmen.
1908 J.M. Orpen Reminisc. 194In July 1824, Waterboer was again employed..to proceed with a force against the Bergenaars, who..were robbing and massacring the Basutos and Bechuanas and selling their children to whites.
1976 A. Delius Border 139The half-caste Griquas — related to the Bergenaar banditry here — fought a battle far to the North against a vast, pouring horde of cannibal people called the Mantis.
1980 Lye & Murray Transformations 40By 1822 a more dangerous rebellion propelled the majority of the Griqua from their settlements...These new rebels took the name of Bergenaars (Mountain people) because they lurked in the hill country to the east and west of Griqualand, from whence they preyed on their neighbours.
A group of Griqua rebels who lived in mountain strongholds, surviving often by armed robbery. Also attributive.
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18241980