Bergenaar, noun

Forms:
Also Bergener.
Origin:
South African DutchShow more South African Dutch, ‘mountain dweller’, berg mountain + noun-forming suffix -enaar.
historical
Usually in the plural : A group of Griqua rebels who lived in mountain strongholds, surviving often by armed robbery. Also attributive.
1824 Mevill in J. Philip Researches (1828) II. 81A number of disaffected people now began to leave the country to join the Bergenaars, or Mountaineers.
1980 Lye & Murray Transformations 40By 1822 a more dangerous rebellion propelled the majority of the Griqua from their settlements...These new rebels took the name of Bergenaars (Mountain people) because they lurked in the hill country to the east and west of Griqualand, from whence they preyed on their neighbours.
A group of Griqua rebels who lived in mountain strongholds, surviving often by armed robbery. Also attributive.

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18241980