Compounds are sequences composed of two or more words which include the entry headword as a component. Compounds of which the headword is the main (or first) element are listed in the entry at that headword and not as separate entries. In addition, a hyperlinked list of compounds appears to the right of the main entry.

In most cases compounds have their own definition, but this may be replaced by a cross-reference or by reference to a particular quotation (see kanalahwerk).

Types of compounds: combinations and collocations

Compounds are categorised as either combinations or collocations

Combinations are two or more words that are used together in a more-or-less fixed way and have developed their own meaning. They can be spelt as one word or separately, e.g. 'bushfire', 'cattle-boer' or 'border area'. The classification Special Combination(s) is used to designate words which have a more established fixed meaning.

biltong, noun . . . 2. combinations biltong curtain [by analogy with English Iron Curtain], a jocular name for the borders of South Africa; biltong farmer, biltong hunter, bilton jackal, one who hunts game in order to obtain meat for the making of biltong
hoender, noun . . . 1. ‘A domestic fowl’, in the Special Combinations . . . hoenderspoor . . . the tree Scolopia zeyheri of the Flacourtiaceae . . . hoenderspoorkaree, see karee noun2 sense 2.

Collocations are words which are habitually found in co-occurrence, e.g. ‘Greek café’, ‘ou seun’ or ‘ritual killing’. The designation of special collocation suggests that the co-occurrence is more widely recognised than those words designated collocation.

slap, adjective . . . 2. Special collocations slap chip. colloquial, usually in the plural, hot fried potato chips
backveld, adjective and noun . . . A. adjective Of or pertaining to (isolated) rural communities; hence, unsophisticated, rough. Often in the collocation backveld Boer derogatory, an unsophisticated rural Afrikaans-speaking person

Position of compounds

Both combinations and collocations may be given as a separate subdivision or appended to the definition.

When there are few supporting quotations, compounds generally run on from the definition block. Presented as a separate block, compounds are ordered alphabetically and followed by a set of quotations.

marula, noun . . . b. The fruit of the marula tree, from which beer and other liquors are brewed. Also attributive, and combination marula beer
Proto, noun . . . 2. Special Combinations Proto captain, the leader of the Proto team; Proto man, a member of a Proto team; Proto team, a team with special training in (underground) rescue procedures.

In particularly lengthy lists of compounds, a division into sub-senses assists in differentiating groups such as the division into flora and fauna (see for example the entry for wild).