Dutch, AfrikaansShow more Dutch and Afrikaans, attributive form of wild wild; cf. wild.
a. In the names of plants:
wilde als/- ˈals/, formerly also wilde alsem, wilde alsies [Afrikaans, earlier South African Dutch wilde alsem, from Dutch alsem wormwood], the aromatic bushy shrub Artemisia afra of the Asteraceae, similar to the European wormwood, used medicinally and as a base for perfume;
wilde knoflok/-ˌknɔflɔk/, also wilde knofflock, wilde knofflook, wilde knoflook [Afrikaans, from Dutch wilde knoflook (knoflook garlic)], the plant Tulbaghia alliacea of the Liliaceae, the bulb of which smells strongly of garlic; wild garlic, see wild sense a.
1786G. Forstertr. ofA. Sparrman’s Voy. to Cape of G.H.II. 143Having..during the oppression on the chest, the swoonings, or the difficulty of respiration with which they were seized, been persuaded by me to take a cup or two of it (sc. brandy), especially when the virtues of it were heightened by wilde alsies (a kind of wormwood) being infused in it,..their joy can hardly be conceived.
wildemakou/-məˌkəu/, /-maˌkəʊ/ (formerly also vildemaakeou, vilge maccow) [South African Dutch, makou perhaps adaptation of English muscovy duck; or from Macao the name of a (former) Portuguese territory in south China], the spurwinged goose Plectropterus gambensis of the Anatidae;
wildepaardobsolete, also wilde-paerd (plural wilde-paerden) [Dutch, paard horse], -a-usually hyphenated, or as two words:any of several species of zebra, especially the mountain zebra (sense (a), see mountain), Equus zebra zebra;-b-usually as one word:an earlier form of wildeperd [Afrikaans, perd horse], the zebra fish, Diplodus cervinus hottentotus.
1856F.P. FlemingSn Afr. 396The most remarkable [wild duck] of which, is the ‘Vildemaakeou,’ [printed Vildemaakeon] or spurwinged goose.
1824W.J. BurchellTrav.II. 272A large mixed herd of wilde-paards (Wild Horses)..appeared...A wilde-paard (Equus montanus), or quakka, as it was oftener called, was shot.
1852C. BarterDorp & Veld 112 (Pettman)There are in South Africa three varieties of the genus Equus, the true Zebra or Wilde paard; Burchell’s zebra or the bonte quagga; and the quagga properly so called.
1947E.E. Mossoptr. ofJrnls of Brink & Rhenius 49We saw on the plains great herds of divers species of game such as rhinosceri, giraffes, buffaloes, witte wilde paarden, ezels, quaggas, kudus, Gemsboks, hartebeestes.
1913W.W. ThompsonSea Fisheries of Cape Col. 60A well-shaped fish with zebra-like cross bars of blackish-brown is the wildepaard (zebra).
1930C.L. BidenSea-Angling Fishes 237Zebra fish, The Wildeperd...Port Elizabeth — Striped dassie, Five-finger, Zebra...In addition to the sharp contrast of black and white bars, a dull golden colour often appears over the whole body.
1945H. GerberFish Fare 62Zebrafish or Wildeperd..looks something like a white stompneus, but has very distinctive stripes.
1971Argus 14 May 14Dassie, wildeperd and galjoen were..taken..with 5.4kg breaking strain line and light sinkers.
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