Initial letters of United Party (earlier United South African Party).
A political party formed in 1934 by the merger of the National Party (see NP) and the South African Party (see SAPnoun1). Also attributive.See also Fusion.
The UP was the governing party from its formation until 1948; it was the official Opposition from 1948 until 1977, when it was dissolved. In 1977 some former members joined with the Progressive Reform Party to form the Progressive Federal Party (see PFP), while others formed the NRP.
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