1803J.T. Van der Kemp inTrans. of Missionary Soc.I. 438The Caffree corn is, as I think, a kind of millet, but grows from seven to ten feet high...The corn..is eaten boiled..; they likewise malt it, after which it is boiled, and the decoction fermented. This drink they call tjaloa.
1834T. PringleAfr. Sketches 509Of the millet beer or ale the Caffers have two kinds, the common sort termed chaloa, and the stronger inguya. The millet (Sorghum) is first carefully malted, afterwards boiled in large earthern pots, and then regularly fermented.
1835G. Champion inJ. BirdAnnals of Natal (1888) I. 206The twyala, or common beer of the country, made from Kafir corn, or Indian corn, fermented in water, is brought to the king daily.
1855G.H. MasonLife with Zulus 153I found them sitting under the shade of their craals or of mimosa bushes, taking snuff, drinking ‘Joila’ (Caffre beer), or smoking the root of a species of wild hemp that grows in great profusion all over the colony.
1860D.L.W. Stainbank Diary. (Killie Campbell Africana Library KCM8680) 19 JulyI saw Masingua and drank some ‘Schwala’ for the first time — being very thirsty. I liked it very much.
1862J.S. DobieS. Afr. Jrnl (1945) 21A gourd full of sour drink called ‘jowalla’.
1870A.F. LindleyAfter Ophir 306Shimyan and jwarlar were produced for our consumption.
1897F.W. SykesWith Plumer in Matabeleland 256Laden with offerings of grain, Kaffir beer (tshwala), freshly killed meat, and other useful produce, the credulous natives approach the mystic site.
1899G.H. RussellUnder Sjambok 240The man of this land can also abide here, eat my food, and drink my chuala, but I do not say that he is welcome.
1839W.C. HarrisWild Sports 133A whole calabash of the native malt liquor. This detestable beverage, which is denominated outchualla, is of a whitish colour, frothy, and produced from fermented Kafir corn.
1850J.E. MethleyNew Col. of Port Natal 77They..offered us outchuella, or native beer, a white liquid of acid taste, extracted from Kaffir corn, and fermented, of which they are very fond, and not unfrequently get intoxicated upon it.
1852C. BarterDorp & Veld 217 (Pettman)Utshuala, a fermented liquor made from the grain of the amabele, or Kaffir-corn.
1855J.W. ColensoTen Weeks in Natal 103Two large pots of uTyala were then brought in...It is a sort of beer, made of millet or Indian corn — looks like yeast, and tastes like a mixture of yeast and cider.
1855R.B. StruthersHunting Jrnl (1991) 90My hunters had..been..shooting game and drinking Itywala (beer) and abusing the people.
1860W. ShawStory of my Mission 458About harvest time..there is a supply of fresh corn to make fermented liquor called utyalwa, (kaffir beer).
1866W.C. HoldenPast & Future 278Drinking utyalla or beer..being rather reserved for..festival occasions, than used as a common every-day beverage...Utyalla is made from the amabele or Kaffir Corn; and being long boiled in large beer-making pots, inbeza, and subjected to fermentation, it becomes intoxicating, acquires a sour taste, and is much liked by the people.
1878T.J. LucasCamp Life & Sport 103The Zulus make a kind of beer called ‘outchualla,’ which is strong and not unpalatable. This is prepared by the women, who make quite a secret of the process.
1909N. PaulChild in Midst 198The women fill huge gourds with utywala or Kafir beer.
1935R.S. GodleyKhaki & Blue 113The amount of alcohol contained in ‘utywala’ is very small.
1955J.B. ShephardLand of Tikoloshe 110Utywala, the other kind of Kaffir beer, is also a nourishing food but, because it is made with grain which has sprouted, it is much more potent than Marewu.
1962A.J. LuthuliLet my People Go 57I myself encouraged the healthy brewing of utshwala, corn beer.
1967S.M.A. LoweHungry Veld 145Ukhambas of utywala (native beer) were handed round.
1979M. MatshobaCall Me Not a Man 153She bears the children and brings them up while you drink utshwala and sleep with concubines.
1986P.A. McAllisterXhosa Beer Drinks. 41Apart from the common utywala (Xhosa), utshwala (Zulu) or bjalwa (Sotho), made in earlier times almost exclusively from sorghum but nowadays mainly from maize, a variety of similar but non-alcoholic beverages were made.
1988P. Du PlooyInformant, PietermaritzburgThe origins of shebeens lie in the gathering of men at the homestead to drink utshwala brewed by women.
A thick home-brewed beer made traditionally among African people from fermented sorghum millet and water; any commercially-prepared equivalent; African beer, see Africanadjective2 b; bojalwa2 a; ijubab; jabula; jabulanib; joala; mtombo1 b; ndambula; sorghum beer, see sorghum2.
A similar beer made of maize; cf. mahewu, maiza. In these senses also called Bantu beer or kaffir beer (sense a), both of which are offensive, and KB.
Loosely, any liquor; bojalwa2 b; also called Bantu beer (offensive), KB.
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