steentjie, noun

Formerly also steenje.
AfrikaansShow more Afrikaans, steen stone + diminutive suffix -ie.
1. Either of two small species of seabream of the Sparidae: a. Spondyliosoma emarginatum, a fish commonly used as bait; dassie sense 2 b. b. Less frequently, the strepie, Sarpa salpa.
In Smith and Heemstra’s Smiths' Sea Fishes (1986), the name ‘steentjie’ is used for Spondyliosoma emarginatum.
1893 H.A. Bryden Gun & Camera 448We caught also at this time..steenje, another small fish which we cut up principally for bait.
1913 C. Pettman Africanderisms 474Steenje,..Cantharus emarginatus.
1930 C.L. Biden Sea-Angling Fishes 166The men..caught many steentjies which were scaled and pulped with a baton and baited whole on the big lines.
1949 J.L.B. Smith Sea Fishes of Sn Afr. 276Spondyliosoma Emarginatum...Steentjie...Found only in South Africa from Saldanha Bay round to Madagascar, abundant at times. Enters estuaries, and is found even at 30 fathoms near rocky ground. Excellent bait, normally too small to be of any significance as a food-fish.
1954 K.H. Barnard S. Afr. Shore-Life 58The Hottentot and Steentjie have bands of numerous small teeth and are mainly vegetarian.
1971 L.G. Green Taste of S.-Easter 186The ‘small fish time’ that lasted eight months, when they could only expect to bring harders, steentjies and other such fish back to the beach.
1993 R. Van der Elst Informant, DurbanA number of small or unsized species, including the sand-soldier.., the pinky..and the steentjie (Spondyliosoma emarginatum).
2. rare. A diamond: klip noun sense 2.
1957 D. Jacobson Price of Diamonds 76Gottlieb..asked if he knew of the people who bought and sold the steenjies — the little stones — but Amos laughed and said in Afrikaans that the steenjies were dangerous stuff and he did not like them.
Spondyliosoma emarginatum, a fish commonly used as bait; dassie2 b.
Less frequently, the strepie, Sarpa salpa.
A diamond: klipnoun2.

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