DSAE test file

steenbras, noun

Forms:
steembras, steenbrasenShow more Also steembras, steenbrasen, steen brass, steenbrasem, steenbrassem, steenbrazen, steinbrase, stembras, stem brass, stienbrass.
Plurals:
unchanged, or (formerly) steenbraesem, steenbrassam, steenbrassen.
Origin:
DutchShow more Transferred use of Dutch steenbras, steen stone + brasem bream (a name given to Sparus saxatilis).
a. Any of several marine fishes, especially either of two species of seabream of the Sparidae, Petrus rupestris (see red steenbras, sense b below), or Lithognathus lithognathus (see white steenbras sense (a), sense b below). Also attributive.
Note:
The first quotation refers to New Guinea.
[1625 S. Purchas Hachluytus Posthymus (1905) II. 278Sixe great Canoas followed us, (and yet we saw no men on land) bringing dried fish, (which wee tooke to be Steenbrasses).]
1992 V. Kabalin in Afr. Wildlife Vol.46 No.2, 201No ill effect on the sustainable stock in the Bay of yellowtail, kob, baartman, elf and steenbras.
b. With distinguishing epithet:
bank steenbras [English bank shelving elevation in the sea], either of two species of marine fish, (a) the red steenbras (see below); (b) the fingerfin Chirodactylus grandis of the Cheilodactylidae; tigerfish sense 2 a;
black steenbras, the black musselcracker (see musselcracker sense 2), Cymatoceps nasutus;
bronze steenbras, copper steenbras, or (more commonly) red steenbras, the seabream Petrus rupestris, a fine game fish reaching over two metres in length and varying in colour from golden yellow to bronze and red; copper; red poenskop, see poenskop sense 2 b; seventy-four sense b; silver-fish sense 1 b;
river steenbras, bank steenbras sense (b), see above;
rooi steenbras /ˈrɔɪ-/, [Afrikaans (earlier roode steenbrassem), rooi red], red steenbras (see above);
sand steenbras, the bontrok, Lithognathus mormyrus;
silver steenbras, the east coast name for the white musselcracker (see musselcracker sense 2), Sparodon durbanensis;
white steenbras, either of two species of seabream, (a) Lithognathus lithognathus, which reaches up to two metres in length and is considered a fine game fish; musselcracker sense 1 a (also called mussel crusher); (b) less frequently, the white musselcracker (see musselcracker sense 2), Sparodon durbanensis;
yellow steenbras, in KwaZulu-Natal, a name for the red steenbras (see above).
Note:
In Smith and Heemstra’s Smiths' Sea Fishes (1986), the name ‘bank steenbras’ is used for Chirodactylus grandis, ‘red steenbras’ for Petrus rupestris, ‘sand steenbras’ for Lithognathus mormyrus, and ‘white steenbras’ for Lithognathus lithognathus.
1902 J.D.F. Gilchrist in Trans. of S. Afr. Philological Soc. XI. iv. 230Rooi Steenbras, Roode Steenbrasem (Pappe), Red Steenbras, Bank Steenbras..Dentex rupestris.
1979 Snyman & Klarie Free from Sea 44Red Steenbras, Yellow Steenbras/Steenbras.
Any of several marine fishes, especially either of two species of seabream of the Sparidae, Petrus rupestris (see red steenbras, b below), or Lithognathus lithognathus (see white steenbras sense (a), b below). Also attributive.