DSAE test file

SAP, noun1

Also S.A.P., Sap.
Initial letters of South African Party.
1. /es eɪ ˈpiː/ in historical contexts. Any of several political groupings, but especially: a. A party representing conciliation between white English- and Afrikaans-speaking people, founded in 1911 after Union by Generals Smuts and Botha, and fusing with the Nationalist Party in 1934 to form the United Party (see UP); Nationalist Party sense (a), see Nationalist noun sense c; see also Unionist, volk sense 3 a i. b. A short-lived party (from 1977 to 80) formed by a conservative group which broke away from the United Party. Also attributive.
1908 Star 3 Feb. 7S.A.P. Leaders...The South African Party..is likely to be in power for years to come.
1989 Reader’s Digest Illust. Hist. of S. Afr. 346In December 1984, after a long debate and acrimonious splits in both the NP and the SAP, the United South African National Party (later the United Party) came into being.
2. /sap/, /sæp; es eɪ ˈpiː/. Plural Saps, Sappe /ˈsapə/. a. in historical contexts. A member or supporter of the South African Party. b. in historical contexts. A (conservative) member or supporter of the United Party (see UP); see also bloedsap. c. in historical contexts. In the plural : The South African Party; the United Party; collectively, the members of either party. d. transferred sense. Any conservative opposition politician. Also attributive.
Used chiefly as an acronym, frequently in contrast to ‘Nat’ (see Nat noun sense a).
1920 S. Black Dorp 9The scornful word ‘Sappers’, which he knew to be a term of contempt applied by members of Hertzog’s Party (the Nationalists) to all those of the Botha-Smuts element or ‘SAP’ (South African Party).
A. Van WykBirth of New Afrikanerbloedsap
1991 [see Engelsman sense 2].

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