rosyntjieboom/-bʊəm/ [Afrikaans, boom tree], the tree Rhus populifolia, having fruits which, when ripe, resemble raisins;
rosyntjiebos [Afrikaans, bos bush], or partial translation of rosyntjie bush (occasionally simply rosyntjie), either of two shrubs with raisin-like fruits (a) the moretlwa, Grewia flava, or (b) Rhus lancea (see kareenoun2 sense 1 a i);
1917R. MarlothDict. of Common Names of Plants 71Rosijntes’bos,..Grewia cana, G. flava. The drupelets possess a little sweet pulp and resemble small currants. Used by the Natives for beer making. In some districts also species of Rhus, e.g. R. viminalis.
1955L.G. GreenKaroo 133Then there is the rosyntjiebos or brandy-bush, often five feet high, with flowers like yellow stars and a fruit about the size of a pea. ‘Mampoer brandy’ is made by crushing this fruit, adding water so that it ferments and then distilling the mixture.
1968Farmer’s Weekly 3 Jan. 7Grazing in good condition with Olienhout, vaalbos, rosyntjiebos, suurkaree and mixed grazing.
1944H.C. Bosman inV. RosenbergAlmost Forgotten Stories (1979) 73And the delicate green of the rosyntjie bush that grew just to the side of the school-building within convenient reach of the penknife of the Hollander schoolmaster, who went out and cut a number of thick but supple canes every morning just after the Bible lesson.
[1789W. PatersonNarr. of Four Journeys 113The banks of the river produce lofty trees peculiar to this country, such as Mimosa, Salix, and a species of Rhus, called by the Dutch, Rezyne Houd.]
1934P.R. KirbyMusical Instruments of Native Races (1965) 154They are made from tiny river-reeds, plugged with fibre, and tuned with thin twigs of rosyntjehoed (Grewia caffra ?), called by the Bushmen ≠oũ.
1966C.A. SmithCommon Names 403Rosyntjiehout,..The vernacular name was first recorded by Paterson (1779) as Rosynehoud and the name was no doubt derived from the ripe fruits which resemble raisins.
1870R. Ridgill inA.M.L. RobinsonSel. Articles from Cape Monthly Mag. (1978) 34Most of its sacred hours were spent beneath the grateful shade of the thorn, willow, and rozyntje trees which border the river.
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