rosyntjie, noun

Forms:
reseintje, rosindjeShow more Also reseintje, rosindje, rosijnte, rozijntje, rozyntje.
Origin:
Afrikaans, DutchShow more Afrikaans, from Dutch rozijn raisin + -ie.
1.
a. A raisin. b. Any of several small, raisin-like fruits, especially the fruit of plants of Grewia spp., or of Rhus lancea. See also kareebessie (karee noun2 sense 3), kruisbessie.
1844 J. Backhouse Narr. of Visit 548An old woman kindly refreshed us with sour milk, and gave the people plenty of Rozyjntjes, Little Raisins.
1913 C. Pettman Africanderisms 415Rozijntjes,..The small fruit of Grewia Cand., Sond.
1981 Fair Lady 28 Jan. 3 (advt)Who wants a skin that looks like a ‘rosyntjie’?
1987 B. Lau Namibia in Jonker Afrikaner’s Time 63To make brandy, a liquid was pressed from ‘reseintje’ berries (which had formerly been a staple foodstuff, being very nutritious).
2. combinations
rosyntjieboom /-bʊəm/ [Afrikaans, boom tree], the tree Rhus populifolia, having fruits which, when ripe, resemble raisins;
rosyntjiebos [Afrikaans, bos bush], or partial translation of rosyntjie bush (occasionally simply rosyntjie), either of two shrubs with raisin-like fruits (a) the moretlwa, Grewia flava, or (b) Rhus lancea (see karee noun2 sense 1 a i);
rosyntjiehout (also rosyntjiehoud) [South African Dutch, hout wood], rosyntjie tree, see rosyntjieboom.
1970 D. Van Zyl Informant, PostmasburgThe rosyntjieboom grows well in the Kalahari.
[1872rosyntjiebos: E.J. Dunn in A.M.L. Robinson Sel. Articles from Cape Monthly Mag. (1978) 49The islands are..to a considerable extent covered with a dense jungle of willow, rosindje,..and blue bush.]
1917 R. Marloth Dict. of Common Names of Plants 71Rosijntes’bos,..Grewia cana, G. flava. The drupelets possess a little sweet pulp and resemble small currants. Used by the Natives for beer making. In some districts also species of Rhus, e.g. R. viminalis.
1955 L.G. Green Karoo 133Then there is the rosyntjiebos or brandy-bush, often five feet high, with flowers like yellow stars and a fruit about the size of a pea. ‘Mampoer brandy’ is made by crushing this fruit, adding water so that it ferments and then distilling the mixture.
1968 Farmer’s Weekly 3 Jan. 7Grazing in good condition with Olienhout, vaalbos, rosyntjiebos, suurkaree and mixed grazing.
1944 H.C. Bosman in V. Rosenberg Almost Forgotten Stories (1979) 73And the delicate green of the rosyntjie bush that grew just to the side of the school-building within convenient reach of the penknife of the Hollander schoolmaster, who went out and cut a number of thick but supple canes every morning just after the Bible lesson.
[1789 W. Paterson Narr. of Four Journeys 113The banks of the river produce lofty trees peculiar to this country, such as Mimosa, Salix, and a species of Rhus, called by the Dutch, Rezyne Houd.]
1934 P.R. Kirby Musical Instruments of Native Races (1965) 154They are made from tiny river-reeds, plugged with fibre, and tuned with thin twigs of rosyntjehoed (Grewia caffra ?), called by the Bushmen ≠oũ.
1966 C.A. Smith Common Names 403Rosyntjiehout,..The vernacular name was first recorded by Paterson (1779) as Rosynehoud and the name was no doubt derived from the ripe fruits which resemble raisins.
1870 R. Ridgill in A.M.L. Robinson Sel. Articles from Cape Monthly Mag. (1978) 34Most of its sacred hours were spent beneath the grateful shade of the thorn, willow, and rozyntje trees which border the river.
A raisin.
Any of several small, raisin-like fruits, especially the fruit of plants of Grewia spp., or of Rhus lancea.

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17891987