rondavel, noun

Forms:
rondabel, rondawelShow more Also rondabel, rondawel, ronddavel, ronddawel, rondhavel, rondheuvel.
Origin:
Afrikaans, Malay, PortugueseShow more Afrikaans rondawel, applied originally to an African hut; etymology unknown: perhaps from ronde round + wal wall (or rond + heuvel hillock); or from Afrikaans rond round + Malay dewala wall; or from Portuguese roda ring, wheel + vallo wall.
a. A traditional circular African dwelling with a conical (generally thatched) roof; transferred sense, a circular building (usually a single room) based on the design of an African hut but with additional features, used as guest-room, store-room, holiday cottage, etc. Also attributive, passing into adjective, and (occasionally) figurative.
a1875 T. Baines Jrnl of Res. (1964) II. 282Four thatched houses, a considerable number of huts — and rondheuvels, a kind of dwelling scarcely superior — and an immense kraal.
1992 G. Templeton in Weekend Post 8 Feb. (Leisure) 4Each rondawel can accommodate two people comfortably and three at a pinch, but offers tranquillity disturbed only by the wind and sea.
b. comb.
rondavel-shaped;
rondavel-style;
rondavel-type.
1987 G. Viney Col. Houses 161The two rondavel-shaped buildings..were the cool-houses — one for meat, the other for vegetables and fruit.
1985 Style Oct. 54In the Barnett Collection there is a picture of a grass-roofed rondavel-type house on the outskirts of Johannesburg before the turn of the century.
A traditional circular African dwelling with a conical (generally thatched) roof; transferred sense, a circular building (usually a single room) based on the design of an African hut but with additional features, used as guest-room, store-room, holiday cottage, etc. Also attributive, passing into adjective, and (occasionally) figurative.
Derivatives:
So (nonce) longdavel (see Farmer’s Weekly quot. 1971), and square-davel (see quotation 1960).

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18751992