nieshout, noun

Forms:
Also niez-hout.
Origin:
South African Dutch, DutchShow more South African Dutch, from Dutch niezen to sneeze + hout wood.
obs.
sneezewood. Also attributive.
[1786 G. Forster tr. of A. Sparrman’s Voy. to Cape of G.H. II. 75This vale is called Niez-hout-kloof, from a Kind of tree which is said to excite sneezing, if it be rubbed and then smelled to.]
[1803 J.T. Van der Kemp in Trans. of Missionary Soc. I. 434When they have killed a man, they dress their meat on a fire made of a kind of wood, which they call umthati, but the Dutch nieshout, because its powder (though it has very little smell) is a strong errhine.]
1812 J.T. Van der Kemp Acct of Caffraria 63There is a variety of timber, of which I will mention the names by which they are known in the Colony, viz: the..nieshout [etc.].
1827 G. Thompson Trav. 359The ground is chiefly cultivated by the females. The implement used is a sort of spade made of the nies-hout tree.
[1837 Ecklon & Zeyher Enumeratio Plantarum Africae 54Pateroxylon utile...‘Nieshout.’]
sneezewood. Also attributive.

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