Mosotho, noun

Forms:
α. Masutu, MoshootooShow more singular Masutu, Moshootoo, Mosuthu, Mosuto, Msutu; singular and plural Basuto, Basutu; plural Basatos, Bashootoo, Bashuta, Bashutas, Bassutos, Basuta, Basutas, Basutoos, Basutos;
β. Mosotho, MosothuShow more singular Mosotho, Mosothu, Musotho; plural Basotho, Basothos.
Plurals:
usually Basotho.
Origin:
SothoShow more Sotho, perhaps a hlonipha substitute for motho human being; or singular noun prefix mo- (plural ba-) + sootho brown one (see Sotho). For notes on singular and plural forms, see mo- and ba-.
Note:
See note on pronunciation and forms at Sotho.
A member of the South Sotho people, most of whom are resident in the Kingdom of Lesotho; South(ern) Sotho, see Sotho sense 1 c. Also attributive, passing into adjective.
Note:
‘Basotho’ now usually refers to the Sotho people of Lesotho (formerly Basutoland), and ‘Sotho’ to the Sotho-speaking people of South Africa (see Sotho); in many 19th century texts ‘Basuto’ is used to refer to South Sothos living in South Africa.
Note:
Although α forms with -sutu are still used, especially ‘Basutu’, the β forms ‘Mosotho’ and ‘Basotho’ are now the most widely accepted. See also combinations formed on the word ‘Basotho’.
α.
1828 J. Philip Researches II. 82This unfortunate man (the chief of the Bashootoo tribe..) relates, that his town was unexpectedly attacked by a large party of men on horseback.
1980 J. Cock Maids & Madams 205Four passes were issued to women in their independent capacities: Zumba aged 30 and Hugiva aged 23 from Eno’s tribe; Aliena aged 13 a ‘Masutu’ and Sibaku aged 20 a Bechuana.
β.
1953 P. Lanham Blanket Boy’s Moon 13Monare the Mosotho walked along the street briskly, humming to himself a song of the Basotho people.
1987 M. Melamu Children of Twilight 276The inevitable stick which was a deadly weapon in the hands of a Mosotho.
A member of the South Sotho people, most of whom are resident in the Kingdom of Lesotho; South(ern) Sotho, see Sotho1 c. Also attributive, passing into adjective.

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18281990