1731G. Medleytr. ofP. Kolben’s Present State of Cape of G.H.II. 139The Knorhan. Among the Wild Fowls at the Cape, there is a Sort of Birds, a Male of which the Europeans there call Knor-Cock: A Female they call Knor-Hen. These Birds are a Sort of Centries to the other Birds at the Cape.
1777G. ForsterVoy. round WorldI. 85The knorhaan..is not a gelinote or grous, as he calls it, but the African bustard.
1786G. Forstertr. ofA. Sparrman’s Voy. to Cape of G.H.I. 153Knorr-haen is the name of a kind of Otis, which conceals itself perfectly, with great art, till one comes pretty near to it, when on a sudden it soars aloft.
1810J. Mackrill Diary. 87Knorhaan Otis..derives his name from an incessant Cry of ‘Grac’. Knorhaan in the Dutch language signifies, a scolder, he warns all other Birds in his Neighbourhood of an enemy.
a1867C.J. AnderssonNotes of Trav. (1875) 35The Cape Knorhaan Bustard (Eupodotis Afra, Gmel.), is in length nineteen inches, the wing twelve inches, and the tail five inches.
1872C.A. PaytonDiamond Diggings 38The ‘knorhaan’ (Otis afra) a small species of bustard.
[1890A. MartinHome Life 226A smaller bustard, with beautifully-variegated plumage, is about the size of a large fowl. His Dutch name of knorhaan —..‘scolding cock’, or ‘growling fowl’ — is very justly bestowed on him.]
1905W.L. Sclater inFlint & GilchristScience in S. Afr. 143The Bustards (Otidae) are represented by no less than twelve species, ranging from the large Gom Paauw (Otis kori)..to the smaller Knorhaan (Otis afra), about the same size as a partridge.
1907J.P. FitzpatrickJock of Bushveld (Glossary) 471Knoorhaan, commonly, but incorrectly, Koorhaan or Koraan, (D), the smaller bustard (lit. scolding cock).
1918H. MooreLand of Good Hope 12The knorhaan, or ‘scolding fowl’, springing up in your path with deafening clamour.
1931G. BeetGrand Old Days 15The knorhaan, which with its rusty ‘kruk-kruk-kruk,’ has come to be looked upon by sportsmen as ‘the sentry of the veld.’
1937H. SauerEx Afr. 53The bustard family, divided into two sections: the great bustard, or paauw, of which there are six varieties in Africa, and the lesser bustard, or knoorhaan (grumbling cock), of which there are no less than eleven varieties.
1948H.V. MortonIn Search of S. Afr. 262Upon this road there was..a bird known as the korhaan, or knorhaan, the ‘scolding cock,’ and a good name it is, for I think the meercats employ him as a watchman!
1906Stark & SclaterBirds of S. Afr.IV. 291The Red-crested Knorhaan is found singly or in pairs.
1867E.L. LayardBirds of S. Afr. 284The Vaal Knorhaan is common on the Karroo...If it fancies itself unobserved, it will suddenly squat...So great is its similarity to the soil and stones among which it is found that it is next to impossible to detect it.
2. [see quotation 1986.] Any of several marine fishes. a.Any of several species of gurnard of the genus Chelidonichthys (family Triglidae); korhaan sense 2.b.Any of several species of grunter of the genus Pomadasys (family Haemulidae);see also tigerfish sense 2 b.
1806J. BarrowTrav.II. 38The Knorhaen, a species of Trigla, or Gurnard..is not a bad fish.
1979Snyman & KlarieFree from Sea 31Grunter, Silver Grunter/Bull or Cock Grunter/Knoorhaan/Tiger/Spotted Grunter. So named, because when it comes from the water, spasms of the throat muscles cause the teeth to rasp together, which sounds like a man — not a gentleman — clearing his throat!..Gurnard. Knoorhaan. Quaint-looking with its large head encased in a bony shield. It grunts or croaks when taken from the water.
[1986Smith & HeemstraSmiths’ Sea Fishes 486The American name ‘sea robins’ and Afrikaans ‘knorhane’ come from the bird-like chirping noise some species make when they are taken from the water.]
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