DSAE test file

Karoo, noun

Forms:
Karroo, CaroShow more Also Karroo; formerly Caro, Caroo, Carouw, Carro, Carroo, Carrow, Karo, Karro, and with small initial.
Origin:
KhoikhoiShow more Adaptation of Khoikhoi karo-, karro, garo hard, dry, or !gar-b desert.
Note:
The spelling Karoo may be seen as a compromise between the Afrikaans form Karo and a common English form, Karroo.
1.
a. The vast, arid inland plateau extending from Langeberg in the south to Cradock, Pearston, Somerset East and Venterstad in the east and northwards into the Orange Free State; any tract of Karoo-like desert land. Also attributive.
Note:
The original Karoo probably lay entirely within the former Cape Province. Its boundaries are determined by the dominance of xerophytic vegetation and are in a constant movement outwards as desert encroaches on farming land.
1776 F. Masson in Phil. Trans. of Royal Soc. LXVI. 287On each side of this river lies an extraordinary track of land, which in the Hottentot language is called Carro.
1993 Getaway Nov. 13 (letter)Those trucks pound through the Karoo town night and day.
b. With distinguishing epithet designating a region or sub-division of the Karoo:
Bokkeveld Karoo, see Bokkeveld ;
Great Karoo [tr. Afrikaans groot great], the main plateau north of the Swartberg ;
Klein Karoo /ˈkleɪn/ [Afrikaans klein little] and translation Little Karoo, the southern portion of the Karoo, lying mainly between the Langeberg and the Swartberg; also attributive.
1790 W. Paterson Narr. of Four Journeys 45The people informed us of the danger of crossing the Great Karo, not only from its being a desert country, but also from parties of the Boshmen Hottentots, who were at war with the Dutch.
1992 T. Van Rensburg in S. Afr. Panorama Mar.Apr. 8The agricultural potential of the area is low, with the exception of the Little Karoo which has become famous for its ostrich farms.
2. In full Karoo bush: noncount, or with plural Karoo bushes (any of) numerous species of scrub-like bushes occurring in the Karoo, especially those of the genera Chrysocoma and Pentzia; also called sweet Karoo. See also berggansie (berg sense 1 b ii), bitter Karoo, skaapbos.
Note:
Some species are toxic, semi-toxic, or noxious weeds; others are invaluable as grazing.
1835 A. Steedman Wanderings I. 98A dry, sunburnt plain; not a single vestige of vegetation was anywhere to be seen, except the karroo bush, almost as brown and barren as the ground on which it grew.
1990 Weekend Post 13 Oct. 7Autumn rains which promote Karoo bush growth for small stock did not materialise and they are approaching summer with depleted veld and reserves.
3. combinations and Special Combinations
Karoo ash colloquial, burnt kraal manure used as a fertilizer;
Karoo beds Geology, geological strata comprised of sandstone and volcanic matter, and believed to date from the Triassic period;
Karoo caterpillar, the larva of the Karoo moth, Loxostege frustralis of the Pyralidae, which destroys Karoo grazing veld; also attributive; see also rusper;
Karoo chat, the small bird Cercomela schlegelii, predominantly grey in colour;
Karoo coal colloquial, Free State coal (see Free State adjectival phrase sense 2);
Karoo field [calque formed on South African Dutch Karo veld], Karoo veld, see below;
Karoo ground Geology, a yellow soil containing sand, clay, and particles of iron;
Karoo korhaan, see korhaan sense 1 b;
Karoo oyster colloquial, Karoo lamb’s liver wrapped in fat;
Karoo quick grass [see quick], the grass Cynodon incompletus of the Poaceae;
Karoo syndrome Pathology, see quotation;
Karoo series, Karoo System Geology, the (structure and formation of the) geological strata characteristic of the Karoo but extending beyond it; also in elliptical form Karoo, sometimes used attributively to allude to the era in which this system was formed; see also Dwyka, Ecca;
Karoo thorn, the sweet thorn, Acacia karroo;
Karoo veld /-felt/ [Afrikaans veld field, land], parched land typical of the Karoo, or the drought-resistant vegetation such land supports.
1925 Off. Yr Bk of Union No. 7, 1924 (Union Office of Census & Statistics) 458Potassic fertilizers are imported in the shape of slats of potash, and there is also a considerable production in the Union, burnt kraal manure (‘Karroo ash’) being largely utilized in this connection.
1988 P.E. Raper tr. of R.J. Gordon’s Cape Trav. 1777–86 I. 60Travelling for a full hour through a fairly level ‘caroveld’ as it is called by the farmers.
The vast, arid inland plateau extending from Langeberg in the south to Cradock, Pearston, Somerset East and Venterstad in the east and northwards into the Orange Free State; any tract of Karoo-like desert land. Also attributive.
, see Bokkeveld
, the main plateau north of the Swartberg
, the southern portion of the Karoo, lying mainly between the Langeberg and the Swartberg; also attributive.
(any of) numerous species of scrub-like bushes occurring in the Karoo, especially those of the genera Chrysocoma and Pentzia; also called sweet Karoo.
, the (structure and formation of the) geological strata characteristic of the Karoo but extending beyond it; also in elliptical form Karoo, sometimes used attributively to allude to the era in which this system was formed;
, of or pertaining to the Karoo; of Karoo-like structure, climate, vegetation, etc.
, of or pertaining to the Karoo; of Karoo-like structure, climate, vegetation, etc.
Derivatives:
Hence Karoo adjective, of or pertaining to the Karoo; of Karoo-like structure, climate, vegetation, etc. , Karroid adjective, of or pertaining to the Karoo; of Karoo-like structure, climate, vegetation, etc.
1786 G. Forster tr. of A. Sparrman’s Voy. to Cape of G.H. I. 197In certain northern districts, such as Roggeveld, or Bokkeveld..the land is, as it is called, carrow, or dry and parched.
1982 S. Afr. Panorama July 15Interesting natural Karroid veld.