Afrikaans, South African DutchShow more Afrikaans, from earlier South African Dutch jongen boy, lad.
a.In historical contexts.A young (black) male slave or servant.
1615W. Peyton inR. Raven-HartBefore Van Riebeeck (1967) 71Twoe yeongers of my Shipps companye..conserted to carrye awaye my boat...for which pretended plott the twoe yeongers..weare..aiudged to the each of them 50 lashes with a Whipp vpon their bare back.
b.obs.A form of address to a slave or servant of any age.
1812A. Plumptretr. ofH. Lichtenstein’s Trav. in Sn Afr.I. 119A Hottentot..takes it extremely amiss if he is addressed by the words Pay or Jonge, as the slaves are; he expects to be called by his name if addressed by any one who knows it.
c1929S. Black inS. GrayThree Plays (1984) 93Hay-Whotte..: Well, I fancy her...Van K: Hey, play the bally game, jong.
1939S. CloeteWatch for Dawn 65‘Where is your whip, jong?’ Coenraad asked. ‘I do not ride with a whip, Coenraad,’ Kaspar said.
1947H.C. BosmanMafeking Rd (1969) 14‘Yes, jong,’ he said, ‘I am feeling pretty shaky about talking to her, I can tell you.’
1959J. MeiringCandle in Wind 133‘Pas op, jong,’ the prison guard had said to her as she left the goal one day. ‘We watch all the dagga people.’
c1966M. Jabour inNew S. Afr. Writing 91‘Ja, ja, I warned you not to trust that Jewboy, Jannie,’ she wheezed down his neck, ‘jong, he’ll skin you alive’.
1972D. Brown on Radio South Africa 24 Mar.Jong, that hairpiece doesn’t suit you.
1975S. RobertsOutside Life’s Feast 28What do you want with that stick says Jan. Nothing. Well throw it away. No jong I am going to keep it.
1987‘A. Amaphixiphixi’ inFrontline Mar. 38Then why the voters love him so I never could descry And thinking once I’d like to know I asked the reason why. They cried, ‘We like his bluster jong It makes us feel so big and strong’.
1991P. SlabolepszyBraait Laaities. 16There are sharks out there, jong. White men can also be skelms.
1973E. Prov. Herald 12 June 9Boetie tilted his hat back with a greasy hand and shook his head. ‘Jong, there’s something I don’t understand about this engine,’ he said.
1978M. MatshobaCall Me Not a Man 5‘Jong! You can’t even speak Afrikaans?’ the white man went on in the same language. He sounded as if he regarded it as a grave sin for the poor granny not to be able to speak his tongue.
1980E. Prov. Herald 20 Nov. 1Neels, who does not read music said: ‘Jong, I never expected it, I’m happy for Port Elizabeth that we won.’
1981Fair Lady 14 Jan. 98‘He looks nice.’ ‘Oh he is. But, jong, is he strict!’
1984Sunday Times 29 Jan. (Lifestyle) 9Lots of chicks come to me for lessons but, jong, they can’t even begin to hold a bike up.
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