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jaagsiekte, noun

Forms:
jachtziekte, jagsiekteShow more Formerly also jachtziekte, jagsiekte, jagtziekte, jagziekte.
Origin:
Afrikaans, Dutch, Show more Afrikaans, jaag, jag pant, draw quick laboured breaths (from Dutch jagen hunt, pursue) + siekte (Dutch ziekte) disease.
Pathology
Either of two livestock diseases which cause an increased rate of respiration:
1. Crotalariosis, a disease of horses caused by the ingestion of either of two plants of the genus Crotalaria of the Fabaceae, C. dura or C. globifera.
1899 Natal Agric. Jrnl 31 Mar. 4‘Jachtziekte’ (hunting or galloping sickness) a rapidly fatal ailment of horses.
1966 C.A. Smith Common Names 257These species (sc. Crotalaria dura and C. globifera) have been incriminated in causing the disease, known as ‘Jaagsiekte’, in horses, whence the vernacular name.
2. A lung disease of sheep.
1905 Cape of G.H. Agric. Jrnl 526In the later stages the poor beast stands with its ribs fixed and flanks heaving, panting for breath, hence the Dutch name jagziekte or droning sickness.
1976 Mönnig & Veldman Handbk on Stock Diseases 276The cause of jaagsiekte in sheep is as yet unknown, but it is possible that susceptibility to the disease is hereditary. It is characterized by a continuous growth of the tissue of the smallest air passages, which later have the appearance of a tumor invading the lung.
3. combination.
jaagsiektebossie /-ˌbɔsi/ [Afrikaans, bossie (see boschje)], any of several shrubs of the genus Crotalaria of the Fabaceae, especially C. dura and C. globifera.
1930 Farming in S. Afr. Dec. 454 (Swart)The ‘Jaagsiekte-bossie’ (Crotalaria dura) belongs to the same genus as the preceding.
1966 C.A. Smith Common Names 257Jaagsiektebossie, Crotalaria dura, C. globifera..and C. brachycarpa...Shrubs with erect stems from a woody perennial and thickened rootstock.
Crotalariosis, a disease of horses caused by the ingestion of either of two plants of the genus Crotalaria of the Fabaceae, C. dura or C. globifera.
A lung disease of sheep.

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18991976

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