iqabane, qabaneShow more singulariqabane; singular and pluralqabane; pluralamaqabane, amaqabani, amaquabane, maqabane, maqabanes. Also with initial or medial capital.
usually amaqabane or maqabane.
Xhosa, ZuluShow more Probably originally Xhosa, subsequently also Zulu, ‘friend’, ‘companion’: singular prefix i- + -qabane, from qabana be close friends (literally ‘paint, smear each other’), qaba paint, smear + reciprocal suffix -ana (cf. qaba). For notes on plural forms, see ama-, i- and ma-prefix3.
Usually in the plural, as a collective term:the comrades, see comrade. Also attributive.
1985E. Prov. Herald 8 Oct. 3Youths were enforcing the consumer boycott through manning..‘maqabane roadblocks’, meaning comrades’ roadblocks, where passing cars were being stoned if they failed to stop.
1986Cape Times 3 Jan. 9The ‘fathers’ had abducted at least three ‘maqabanes’ (comrades)..and were holding them prisoner in a shipping container in Crossroads.
1986Learn & TeachNo.3, 2In New Crossroads near Cape Town, the ‘fathers’ beat the ‘maqabane’ because ‘maqabane’ said people must boycott white shops.
1988K. Mkhize inFrontline Feb. 12He explained: ‘...Where I stay..you meet someone at night who greets you “Qabane, Qabane heyta!” Whatever you do, you may receive a bullet hole...If you deny you are a qabane then you are in trouble if the strangers are in fact comrades.’
1988J. Sikhakhane inPace Nov. 61In other townships around Durban..vigilante groups called ‘amabutho’ or impi, were allegedly responsible for deaths and attacks on the amaqabane, mostly youths belonging to the UDF, or politically neutral.
1989Frontline Apr. 11‘Nobody is neutral...If you are not a member of Inkatha then you are an iQabane.’ I said: ‘You mean everybody must either be Inkatha or UDF?’
1990Weekly Mail 9 Mar. 9He saluted the crowd with the novel ‘Viva Maqabane!’ The crowd was too goodnatured to care much and responded enthusiastically.
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