herbalist, noun

Origin:
EnglishShow more Special sense of general English herbalist ‘one versed in the knowledge of herbs or plants;..a botanist’ (OED).
In African society: one who dispenses or deals in medicinal herbs and other traditional remedies for sickness or misfortune. Also attributive. See also medicine man (medicine sense 2). Cf. bossiedokter, witchdoctor.
Note:
The role of diviner is sometimes erroneously attributed to the herbalist by writers.
[1925 D. Kidd Essential Kafir 134The diviner may send a patient to one of these people, saying that, as his illness is not caused by magic or by ancestral spirits, all that is needed is a course of medical treatment by a herb-doctor.]
1930 S.T. Plaatje Mhudi (1975) 54He remembered how, when people were ill, they consulted a herbalist and how the longana (wormwood) bush served as a tonic and cure for every ailment.
1949 C. Bullock Rina 84The infusion of the bark of a certain tree and herbs of the field such as our herbalists knew of.
1950 D. Reed Somewhere S. of Suez 227The witch-doctor is always a herbalist when he is facing a white man; when he turns his face towards a tribesman he becomes a witch-doctor.
1962 W.D. Hammond-Tooke Bhaca Soc.Initially it is necessary to distinguish two types of ‘doctor’ viz. the herbalist (inyanga..) and the diviner (isangoma..). Both are practitioners in the art of healing...The herbalist does not commune with the shades nor can he divine.
1977 N. Xayimpi in E. Prov. Herald 11 Mar. 5A Kwazakele trader, Mr. E Z Kabane, who started his business in a shack as a herbalist, has been chosen 1976 black businessman of the year in the Eastern Cape.
1984 E. Mantini in Sunday Times 26 Feb. 7The bills of inyangas and other traditional African healers will be tax-deductible...Johannesburg’s Receiver of Revenue..adds: ‘We will honour such receipts provided the inyangas are registered with a local herbalist association.’
1985 J. Mason in Cosmopolitan May 154The herbalist..has an intimate knowledge of the medicinal properties of herbs and powders, and..sometimes divines with the use of bones.
1990 R. Malan My Traitor’s Heart 185The classified sections of Soweto’s newspapers carried ads in which ‘traditional healers’ or ‘herbalists’ offered to restore love to the lovelorn, seal homes against evil spirits, thwart the designs of enemies, and cure disease.
one who dispenses or deals in medicinal herbs and other traditional remedies for sickness or misfortune.
Derivatives:
Hence herbalism noun, the art of a herbalist.
1972 Scope 8 Sept. 50No one knows exactly how he made his money. It came from herbalism, from selling magic spells.
1981 Pace Sept. 64Apart from this ancestral calling, she has completed a course in herbalism, for which she holds a diploma issued by the Dingaka Herbal Company.
1990 Weekly Mail 23 Mar. 11It is the ‘warriors’ in Natal’s civil war..who have turned herbalism into big — but risky — business. No fighter goes into battle without muti.
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