gladiolus, noun

Plurals:
gladioli, gladioluses, or unchanged.
Origin:
English, LatinShow more Transferred use of general English gladiolus wild iris or gladdon (now obsolete), from Latin, diminutive of gladius sword.
Any plant of the genus Gladiolus of the Iridaceae, having sword-shaped leaves, and spikes of brilliant flowers; also called pypie. See also aandblom, Afrikaner noun sense 1, painted lady. Also attributive.
Note:
Although members of the genus were known in Europe during the Middle Ages, the plants now cultivated worldwide are usually South African species.
1775 F. Masson in Phil. Trans. of Royal Soc. LXVI. 279We collected a great number of beautiful plants, particularly ixiae, irides, and gladioli.
1988 T.J. Lindsay Shadow (1990) 4Grass and creepers concealed bunkers that pushed up out of the ground where once there had been beds of gladioli.
Any plant of the genus Gladiolus of the Iridaceae, having sword-shaped leaves, and spikes of brilliant flowers; also called pypie.

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17751988