galjoen, noun

Plurals:
unchanged.
Origin:
Afrikaans, South African Dutch, DutchShow more Afrikaans (earlier South African Dutch), from Dutch galjoen galleon; see quotation 1902.
1. The marine fish Coracinus capensis of the Coracinidae; black bream; blackfish sense 1; damba sense a; galleon; highwater. Also attributive.
Note:
The name ‘galjoen’ is used for this species in Smith and Heemstra’s Smiths' Sea Fishes (1986).
1880 C.W. in Cape Monthly Mag. II. Mar. 157A strong built dingy,..two galjoen nets,..a..box of tackle.
1880 C.W. in Cape Monthly Mag. II. Mar. 159Murray’s Bay..is a famous place for the galjoen fish.
1890 A.G. Hewitt Cape Cookery 11The Best Fish for Boiling. Stokvisch, geelbek, cabeljauw, galjoen, albacore, mackerel, elft, steenbrasem, hamburger, seventy-four.
1902 J.D.F. Gilchrist in Trans. of S. Afr. Philological Soc. XI. iv. 221The Galjoen..can readily be supposed to have derived its name from its resemblance in shape to the high built three-decker of the fifteenth and sixteenth century called by the Spanish galeon,..and by the Dutch ‘Galjoen’ or ‘Galleon’.
1930 C.L. Biden Sea-Angling Fishes 208The Cape coastal farmer..synchronises haanepoot and galjoen, for at the time when his vines are sprouting the fish is at its best, fat and abundant.
1955 C. Horne Fisherman’s Eldorado 13Galjoen..are one of the most skilful and determined adversaries an angler can encounter.
1968 J.L.B. Smith High Tide 53The galjoen is almost our national fish, abundant and known from the earliest times.
1985 B. Grobler in S.-Easter Aug.Sept. 45The Cape galjoen occurs off vast stretches of our coastline, is a premier angling fish and is also known as black bream in the Eastern Cape and damba in Transkei.
1990 You 24 May 52Galjoen is as difficult to find as the coelacanth.
1993 Prochazka & Griffiths in Afr. Wildlife Vol.47 No.1, 19Information on the growth rates, movement patterns and population densities of galjoen have been obtained through a concerted tag and release programme...To date some 10 000 galjoen have been caught and tagged.
2. With distinguishing epithet: banded galjoen, bastard galjoen, (a) Coracinus multifasciatus of the Coracinidae; damba sense b; (b) the parrot fish (sense 1), Oplegnathus conwayi.
Note:
The name ‘banded galjoen’ is used for C. multifasciatus in Smith and Heemstra’s Smiths' Sea Fishes (1986).
1949 J.L.B. Smith Sea Fishes of Sn Afr. 249Coracinus multifasciatus...Banded Galjoen or Bastard Galjoen, or Damba (Eastern Cape — Natal).
1913 C. Pettman Africanderisms 49Bastard galjeon, Another name for the Parrot fish.
1949 J.L.B. Smith Sea Fishes of Sn Afr. 201Oplegnathus conwayi...Banded Galjoen. Bastard Galjoen. Beaked Galjoen. Pappegaaivis. Parrotfish. Golden Roman.
1949 J.L.B. Smith Sea Fishes of Sn Afr. 249 [see quot. at banded galjoen].
The marine fish Coracinus capensis of the Coracinidae; black bream; blackfish1; dambaa; galleon; highwater. Also attributive.
banded galjoen, bastard galjoen, (a) Coracinus multifasciatus of the Coracinidae; dambab; (b) the parrot fish (sense 1), Oplegnathus conwayi.
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