EnglishShow more Special senses of general English European (one) from Europe.
The word changed gradually from the usual English meaning; in some citations, especially early ones, it is difficult to tell which sense is intended. The term ‘white’ has now almost completely displaced ‘European’ in South African English.
A.nounA white person; for a period, the official term used for a white person.Cf. non-Europeannoun.
1696J. OvingtonVoy. to Suratt 293Three and Thirty, Slaves, besides Europeans, are daily imply’d in looking after it (sc. the Company’s garden).
1871J. McKayReminisc. 209It was native against native — Fingoe against Kafir; while we, the lords of the colony — the Europeans — sat perched on the rocky crags above, looking down at the dexterity of both sides.
1911L. CohenReminisc. of Kimberley 419Most of the sufferers were Cape boys, but some of them were white enough to be Europeans, which perhaps they were.
1925D. KiddEssential Kafir 151All search proved fruitless: no native would give information of a black man to the Europeans.
1941Bantu World 15 Feb. 9Benoni Magistrate’s court on January 31 was crowded to the doors with Europeans, Asiatics, Coloureds and Bantu.
1949C. BullockRina 9She was Coloured; and..she would not attempt to associate on an equality with a South African European.
1950S. Afr. Law ReportsIV. 200In South Africa a person is a European or white person when he is such by appearance and habits and he is not proved by descent not to be predominantly of European blood.
1952Drum Aug. 11An American visitor’s first dose of the apartheid pill is the startling discovery that in this country an American can also be a European.
1959L. LongmoreDispossessed 317All white people in South Africa, whether or not born in Europe, are referred to as Europeans.
1960J.J.L. SissonS. Afr. Judicial Dict. 258A European is a person who is white as a racial quality, and from a racial point of view, that is, who belongs to a white race;..a non-European, on the other hand, is a person who is not white from a racial point of view and as a racial quality; that is, he does not belong to a white race.
1960Rand Daily Mail inJ. Crwys-WilliamsS. Afr. Despatches (1989) 325Five of the six Europeans entombed are married men, and are all South Africans. The other is a young Hungarian.
1964N. Nakasa inJ. Crwys-WilliamsS. Afr. Despatches (1989) 345I don’t see that there is any justification in calling me a non-European...That is as silly as this business of South African Whites who insist that they are Europeans.
1980D.B. CoplanUrbanization of African Performing Arts.p.xiThe term ‘European,’ a synonym for White in South African usage, appears only rarely to avoid confusion between South African Whites and present or past native inhabitants of the continent of Europe.
1990Sunday Times 18 Feb. 12Mr Mandela..refers to ‘Europeans’ and ‘Africans’, the terminology in use when he was arrested and began his exile in August 1962. But he corrects himself immediately.
1990O. Musi inCity Press 17 June 9There are still some hospital administrations..who think there are citizens of this country who are called ‘Europeans’...They stress ‘European staff only please’.
1990G. SlovoTies of Blood 287One of the multi-faceted signals of apartheid: ‘Europeans only’ it said — ‘slegs vir blankes’.
B.adjectiveDenoting a white person; of, pertaining to, or used by white people.Cf. non-Europeanadjective.
1731G. Medleytr. ofP. Kolben’s Present State of Cape of G.H.II. 335The European women at the Cape suffer but little in Travail...Women born in Europe, and brought to Bed at the Cape, have altogether as happy a Time as the Women born in the Settlements.
1818G. Barker Journal. 20 Sept.I preached at Grahams town. In the morning in English to the European soldiers..& in the afternoon to the Hottentot soldiers in Dutch.
1833Graham’s Town Jrnl 21 Mar. 3To secure the Subscribers against the losses to which Breeders are at present exposed, from the recklessness of colored servants, it is proposed that..none but European Shepherds will be employed by the Association.
1857F.W. Reitz inCape Monthly Mag.II. Oct. 194Of the white or European population..I think it would be possible to get perfectly accurate and reliable returns.
1882Tvl Advertiser 14 Jan. 1It shall be our endeavour to as far as possible abate the prejudices now existing between the European races.
1897F.R. StathamS. Afr. as It Is 16The doctrine was inculcated that, unless the European populations of South Africa could be bound together by some form of federated government, they were in danger of being obliterated by a general and combined rising of natives.
1936R.J.M. Goold-AdamsS. Afr. To-Day & To-Morrow 32The often forgotten division of the black races into those who live in their own villages among their own people,..and those, the other half, who live in European cities or on European farms.
1947Argus inJ. Crwys-WilliamsS. Afr. Despatches (1989) 291The throng in Adderley-street..represented all sections of South Africa’s European and non-European community.
1952B. DavidsonReport on Sn Afr. 59This was my first glimpse of a Native Reserve. The good land round Zastron is of course ‘European’.
1956N. Gordimer inD. WrightS. Afr. Stories (1960) 74I can’t remember, y’know, about buses. I keep getting put off European buses.
1963L.F. FreedCrime in S. Afr. 73The prevalence of crime in the European residential area of Johannesburg may..be studied..with reference to its distribution.
1985Cape Times 7 Jan. (Jobfinder) 13 (advt)Accounts Clerk. Mature European lady, 35 to 45, with debtors, cash book, general office experience.
1990R. GoolCape Town Coolie 63The Smuts government..made Indians owning property in European areas a bad thing — very, very bad.
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