Dutch, noun and adjective

Origin:
EnglishShow more Special senses of English Dutch of or originating from Holland.
A. noun
1. in historical contexts. The Dutch (plural): The white Dutch-speaking inhabitants of Cape Town, of the Cape Colony, and later of Natal, the Orange Free State, and the Transvaal; the African Dutch sense (b), see African adjective1 (sense 1 b ii). Cf. Cape Dutch noun phrase sense 1, South African Dutch noun phrase sense 2.
1685 J. Tyrell in R. Raven-Hart Cape G.H. 1652–1702 (1971) II. 255The duch was Very Sivill in thayer expression in promising to supply us with any thing that thayer place did afford.
1797 Lady A. Barnard Lett. to Henry Dundas (1973) 38The Dutch..had fairly flattered them-selves till a governor came, that a governor never woud come, and that the place woud somehow, or another fall back into the old Hands.
1822 W.J. Burchell Trav. I. 21Whenever mention is made of the Dutch in a more general sense, that part of the population of Cape Town, or of the colony, not English, is intended.
1837 N. Polson Subaltern’s Sick Leave 100The Dutch of Cape Town or Kapenaars, are a distinct race of themselves.
1897 F. Macnab On Veldt & Farm 15In matters of commerce, the fault of the Dutch Is the giving too little, and asking too much.
1910 J. Runcie Idylls by Two Oceans 102It is good to remember in this sunny home of Dutch and English and Kafir the wonderful green of Europe.
1933 S.G. Millin Rhodes (1936) 226There was hardly anything Rhodes did in Parliament which had not as its object the favour of the Dutch. He wanted Union.
1940 J. Buchan Memory Hold-the-Door 109The hope of breaking the racial barriers between town and country was always very dear to Milner’s heart. He wanted to see the Dutch share in the urban industries, and men of British stock farming beside the Boers of the veld.
2. a. In historical contexts. The form of Dutch spoken by the early colonists at the Cape and their descendants, which gradually developed into a distinct language (see South African Dutch noun phrase sense 1). Cf. Cape Dutch noun phrase sense 2. b. A derogatory name for the Afrikaans language. Also attributive.
1731 G. Medley tr. of P. Kolben’s Present State of Cape of G.H. I. 26The People far up the Country, on the Appearance of Strangers, are us’d to say in Dutch, wat Volk, i.e. What People?
1800 Cape Town Gaz. 16 Aug. 2Wanted, a Person who understands Dutch, and has a little English, to supervise the Housekeeping of a Gentleman.
1836 A.F. Gardiner Journey to Zoolu Country 326And oh, what barbarous Dutch I’ve heard, Fit language for an ox’s ear.
1861 E. Prov. Yr Bk & Annual Register 148Minto Gaxa, Interpreter in the Kafir and Dutch languages and office keeper £55.
1872 Wesleyan Missionary Reports 74Fifteen Missionaries and 20 Catechists, assisted by 240 Local Preachers, labour in the Circuits in the English, Dutch, Kaffir, and Sesuto languages.
1880 E.L. Price Jrnls (1956) 419Poor lonely little family, they looked so sad and desolate without the Father!..I wish I could speak Dutch to the poor woman, or she English.
1898 J.F. Ingram Story of Afr. City p.xlMr. John M. Hershensohnn, Cape University, Sworn Translator of the English and Dutch Languages, 201, Burger Street, Maritzburg.
1901 E. Hobhouse Report of Visit to Camps 4We cried together, and even laughed together, and chatted bad Dutch and bad English all the afternoon.
1915 J.K. O’Connor Afrikander Rebellion 88Dutch was to be the official language, and no attempt would be made to suppress English, which would be allowed to be used in the law courts and would be taught in Schools, if so desired.
1919 R.Y. Stormberg With Love from Gwenno 9Let me introduce her: Mrs Malherbe — in English, Mal-herby, in Dutch, Mal-hair-ber.
1937 F.B. Young They Seek a Country 223‘We were talking in Dutch when you lay there. You must have heard.’ ‘Dutch? But you are English, surely?’
1961 T.V. Bulpin White Whirlwind 187If you can speak Dutch and English you will never starve here...I’ll get you a civil service appointment tomorrow if you want it.
1971 Daily Dispatch 11 May 10The Postmaster looked at the telegram and handed it back saying ‘I do not dispatch telegrams in dirty Dutch.’
1987 C. Hope Hottentot Room 51‘That’s right. Mock my accent. I simply cannot get my tongue around those Dutch words,’ said English Rose.
c. With qualifying word: African Dutch (sense (a), African adjective1 sense 1 b ii), High Dutch.
B. adjective
1. Of or pertaining to Dutch-speaking (and later Afrikaans-speaking) South Africans; South African Dutch adjectival phrase. See also Afrikaner adjective, Cape Dutch adjectival phrase sense 1.
1697 W. Dampier in R. Raven-Hart Cape G.H. 1652–1702 (1971) II. 381At about 2 or 300 paces distance from thence, on the West side of the Fort, there is a small Dutch Town, in which I told about 50 or 60 Houses.
1700 S.L. (tr. of C. Schweitzer) in R. Raven-Hart Cape G.H. 1652–1702 (1971) II. 243I lay at a Dutch Countryman’s House under the Devil’s Hill: he was forc’d to Keep several trusted Hottentots, and great Dogs, to secure his Vineyards.
c1795 D. Campbell in G.M. Theal Rec. of Cape Col. (1897) I. 139The Colony is become very extensive; the Dutch farmers having penetrated very far in the interior, to the middle of what is called the Hottentot Country.
1834 T. Pringle Afr. Sketches 127Tall Dutch-African boors, with broad-brimmed white hats, and huge tobacco pipes in their mouths, were bawling in Colonial-Dutch.
1845 J.N. Reynolds Voy. of U.S. Frigate ‘Potomac’ 86About the close of 1831, rumours were industriously circulated, by persons unknown, among the Dutch African boors of the Eastern frontier, to the effect that the Hottentots of the Kat river were preparing to attack them on New-Year’s day.
1851 J.F. Churchill Diary. (Killie Campbell Africana Library MS37) 21 Oct.Learned a little more of the Dutch trade & mode of business. A few Dutch farmers & Traders came in whilst I was there bringing Ivory, Wool & Butter.
1855 J.W. Colenso Ten Weeks in Natal p.viiThe present population of the district may be numbered at about 6,000 Europeans, of whom, perhaps, 1,000 are Dutch.
1861 J.S. Mayson Malays of Capetown 13Of the Dutch Malays, some of the present generation are the immediate offspring of female slaves and their Dutch masters.
1864 A Lady Life at Natal (1972) 20There are scarcely any Dutch families in Durban, although they abound ‘up country’. Nor are there any ‘colonial-born’ families, except one or two that have been transplanted from the Cape Colony.
1881 Volkstem 23 Aug. 1It is precisely by means of the Dutch language we would the better be enabled to reach that part of the community which stands most in need of newspaper literature.
1884 B. Adams Narr. (1941) 159There was [sic] only three left in the hospital hut, namely myself, a blind man and a Dutch Burgher who had lost one arm.
1913 E.M. Ritchie in Nongqai Vol.1 No.1, 12I was shown into the beautiful Dutch-furnished drawing room of the authoress of ‘The Petticoat Commando’.
c1936 S. & E. Afr. Yr Bk & Guide 82A Dutch rising which took place was suppressed by December 20th, 1914.
1941 J.C. Coetzee in 20th C. Inquisition (Education League) (pamphlet)Our schools should train Dutch South African national citizens, men and women who love no other country,..who have no other history, geography, culture but those of Dutch South Africa.
1955 D.L. Hobman Olive Schreiner 26Her childhood attitude towards the Dutch people was also one of British superiority.
1963 A. Delius Day Natal Took Off 1That puts the kibosh on everything! We’re completely under Dutch Domination now!
1980 E. Prov. Herald 31 July 18When we spoke earlier you mentioned the process of a Dutch family becoming an Afrikaner family. What is that process?
2. Special collocations
Dutch Church, the Dutch Reformed Church (see note at Dutch Reformed);
Dutch drops, harlemensis;
Dutch medicine, Dutch remedy, old Dutch medicine, a patent household medicine, widely used especially in country districts (for examples of such remedies see doepa sense 2 a, duiwelsdrek, dulsies, groene amara, harlemensis, lewensessens, patat salf (patat sense b), and rooilaventel); see also boereraat, druppels;
Dutch Republic in historical contexts, Boer Republic.
1903 E.F. Knight S. Afr. after War 55When one of these little agricultural townships first springs up the Dutch Church forms the nucleus of it.
1926 W. Plomer in Voorslag Vol.1 No.2, 48Cormorant came round a corner to find himself right before the Dutch church, the glory and pride of Rooi Rivier.
1968 Cole & Flaherty House of Bondage 150The Dutch Church teaches apartheid as an integral part of Christianity.
1958 E.H. Burrows Hist. of Medicine 191Haarlemensis, Haarlemmer essens, Haarlemmer droppels (Dutch Drops): world-famous with many uses.
1833 Graham’s Town Jrnl 30 May 1Just received, a supply of Dr Wrights’s celebrated Pearl Ointment, Dalby’s, Dutch Medicines, etc. etc.
1843 Cape of G.H. Almanac & Annual RegisterJuritz, Carel Friedrich, apothecary, chemist, and druggist, depot of the patent Dutch medicines from the orphan house of Halle, 29 Loop Street.
[1866 Cape Town Dir.Medical materials, of approved quality, at low rates, English & Dutch Patent Medicines.]
1919 Dunell, Ebden & Co.’s Price List Oct. 20Dutch and Household Medicines and Toilet Preparations.
1945 L.G. Green Where Men Still Dream 129A few of those marvellous mixtures known as ‘old Dutch Medicines’, and a still more powerful physique, make the trek-boer independent of doctors.
1958 A. Jackson Trader on Veld 28Remedies of every description formed no small portion of a country stores’s goods, especially the old ‘Dutch’ medicines.
1972 Star 10 Mar. 6‘Chemist and Druggist’ says the inscription on the glass front of the shop and adds: ‘Drugs, patent medicines, Dutch medicines.’
1975 E. Prov. Herald 2 Apr. 18Kopiva is an old Dutch remedy or patent medicine that is still sold in this age of wonder drugs, for the treatment of real or imaginary ills.
1983 Pace Oct. 168 (advt)There are over 30 different Lennon Dutch Remedies with which to treat most minor ailments at home.
1989 N. Von Blerk in D. Smuts Folk RemediesPreface, The old Dutch remedies with their wondrous names were part of the medicine ‘trommel’ on farms, and indeed are still popular in urban and rural areas.
1990 You 18 Oct. 34The entire, natural GR Dutch medicine range. The tried and tested Cape Dutch remedies like Jamaica Ginger, Rooi Laventel and Essence of Life.
1893 Brown’s S. Afr. 67The Dutch Republics do not encourage immigration in any way.
1897 F.R. Statham S. Afr. as It Is 201What was in the wind was a distinct design against the independence of the Dutch Republics in South Africa, the Transvaal especially.
1962 F.C. Metrowich Scotty Smith 16As long as Scotty confined his activities to the two Dutch Republics, the Cape authorities..did not interfere with his movements.
The white Dutch-speaking inhabitants of Cape Town, of the Cape Colony, and later of Natal, the Orange Free State, and the Transvaal; the African Dutch sense (b), see Africanadjective (sense 1 b ii).
The form of Dutch spoken by the early colonists at the Cape and their descendants, which gradually developed into a distinct language (see South African Dutchnoun phrase1).
A derogatory name for the Afrikaans language. Also attributive.
African Dutch (sense (a), Africanadjective1 b ii), High Dutch.
Of or pertaining to Dutch-speaking (and later Afrikaans-speaking) South Africans; South African Dutchadjectival phrase.

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16851990