1731G. Medleytr. ofP. Kolben’s Present State of Cape of G.H.I. 173The Doctor of the Kraal is call’d with his Amulet to remove it; which tho’ he cannot do, ’tis still Witchcraft, and is so call’d to the End of the Chapter.
1829W. Shaw Diary. 23 Jan.The petty Chief, was reputed a doctor and a Wise man;..he..gave them a basket of Milk to drink, in [which] he had mixed certain herbs which were to operate as a charm, both for the success of their enterprize, and to ensure their safety.
1835W.B. Boyce inA. SteedmanWanderingsII. 273She was sent to a female doctor for her education, as she was intended by her parents for a doctor. In going through the initiatory dancings and singings she probably caught a severe cold.
1893B.M. Atheling inCape Illust. Mag. Jan. 158Considering it a case of witchcraft, he wishes to go to a Doctor and find out who it is who is acting under his rival’s instructions and causing him so much trouble.
1948O. WalkerKaffirs Are Lively 63There was, he said, a good deal of ‘competition’ from Native doctors, usually and erroneously referred to as witchdoctors.
1959L. LongmoreDispossessed 232There are two principal types of doctors, namely a doctor and a diviner, the so-called ‘witch-doctor’. A doctor is one who has been called to this profession by his gods through the spirits. To him it is a commitment, a responsibility, a service to humanity, a service to members in and outside his community.
1887J.W. MatthewsIncwadi Yami 40It may not be out of the way here for me to mention the different recognized kinds of doctors (izinyanga): 1st, the wizard or diviner (inyanga yokubula); 2nd, the rain doctor; 3rd, the lightning and hail doctor; 4th, the medicine doctor (inyanga yokwelapa).
1913W.C. ScullyFurther Reminisc. 302The important position held by the ‘lightning doctor’ among the Natives who still adhere to their tribal customs.
1941N. DevittCelebrated S. Afr. Crimes 128Mjila got back and was met by the witch-doctor. The latter told him he was a man of repute, a lightning doctor, a rainmaker.
1955J.B. ShephardLand of Tikoloshe 11The wise man calls in the lightning-doctor to give his huts, his family and his stock preventive treatment which he firmly believes will insure him against the attacks of the Umpundulu bird.
1887medicine doctor: [see quot. at lightning and hail doctorabove].
1821C.I. LatrobeJrnl of Visit 124The bite of the Nachtschlange, or night-serpent, is said by the Hottentot poison-doctors, to be incurable.
1887rain doctor: [see quot. at lightning and hail doctorabove].
1836C.L. Stretch Journal. 254If any one in a kraal becomes sick, the Smelling Doctor is sent for to find out if the person has been affected by the charm of a witch.
1851R.J. Garden Diary. I. (Killie Campbell Africana Library MS29081) 30 JuneIt is the custom of every known Caffir tribe for the Chief to have a War-Doctor...Those Doctors profess to strengthen the Chief by giving him superior power over his enemies. He is consulted prior to any approaching war and uses various plants from which he composes decoctions with which the Chief washes his body.
1907W.C. ScullyBy Veldt & Kopje 62He aimed a glance of scathing contempt at the war-doctor, with whom he had been bickering considerably throughout the meeting.
1931J.H. SogaAma-Xosa 66The tola or war-doctor is the central figure in this special duty. His office is usually, though not always, hereditary.
1961T.V. BulpinWhite Whirlwind 112The ritual war-doctor appeared before the army carrying a blazing torch of grass prepared with the fats of certain animals known to be fierce and powerful fighters of the wilds.
1985J.B. Peires inStaffriderVol.6No.2, 29The best-known of Robben Island’s early prisoners was the giant prophet and wardoctor Nxele (Makana), who attacked Grahamstown in 1819.
2.figurative.obsolete.The Doctor:Elliptical for the Cape Doctor, see Cape Doctor.
Used also in the West Indies and Australia of similar winds.
1843J.C. ChaseCape of G.H. 22At the Cape..the south-east wind is proverbially designated ‘the Doctor’, and no doubt by driving off the miasmatic exhalations,..it converts what might constitute malaria, into the most salubrious atmosphere in the world.
1856F.P. FlemingSn Afr. 62The South-Easter, from blowing all pestilential vapours and effluvia out to sea..has obtained the local epithet of ‘the Doctor’.