1731G. Medleytr. ofP. Kolben’s Present State of Cape of G.H.I. 210Dacha, is a Thing, of which the Hottentots are..mighty fond. It banishes Care and Anxiety, say they, like Wine or Brandy, and inspires them with a Million of delightful Fancies..this I know, that it often intoxicates ’em to downright Madness..They often mix Dacha and Tobacco together.
1821C.I. LatrobeJrnl of Visit 471There is in this country a plant, called by the Hottentots, Dacha, a species of wild hemp (cicuta). Some of them smoke it like tobacco, or mix it with the latter herb, and are exceedingly fond of it.
1822W.J. BurchellTrav.I. 366The common hemp, called dakka, was here raised for the purpose of being given as presents to the Bushmen, who smoke it instead of tobacco; as do also many of the Hottentots; but it is considered more deleterious and inebriating.
1836A.F. GardinerJourney to Zoolu Country 106Tobacco composed of the dried leaf of the wild hemp, here called Dacca, is in general use, and has a very stupifying effect, frequently intoxicating.
1860W. ShawStory of my Mission 507By means of a long tube they contrived to draw the smoke from a long wooden pipe filled with burning dacha, or wild hemp.
1878T.J. LucasCamp Life & Sport 94They are..much addicted to smoking the wild hemp called ‘dacca,’ which they cultivate for the purpose. The smaller leaves of this plant are dried in the sun, and being ground fine, the fumes are inhaled through a pipe, exciting the nervous system frightfully.
1886G.A. FariniThrough Kalahari Desert 125We gave our visitors some docha, a kind of wild hemp used by them as tobacco, and when they became excited under its influence they treated us to the spectacle of a dance.
1902G.M. ThealBeginning of S. Afr. Hist. 21Another powerful intoxicant with which they were acquainted was dacha, a species of wild hemp, and whenever this was procurable they smoked it with a pipe made of the horn of an antelope.
1926E. Prov. Herald 9 Jan. 9Two months hard labour was the sentence passed on Macdonald Plaatjies, a native,..when charged with being in possession of dagga.
1950E. PartridgeDict. of Underworld 175Dagga is not c[ant] but the Standard South African name for Cannabis indica (hashish, marijuana).
1952‘Mr Drum’ inDrum Sept. 12The colossal figure of £750,000 is spent on dagga annually on over 300,000 pounds of this deadly drug...Two million people smoke and peddle the weed...The ages of dagga addicts ranges [sic] from 11 years upwards.
1954Star inL.F. FreedCrime in S. Afr. (1963) 79These young men were the White tsotsis of Johannesburg...They were hardly out of school before they became members of liquor and dagga gangs operating in the heart of the city.
1977D. MullerWhitey 16The dagga zol was a three-out zol, and he drew it quick and long into his body.
1978C.M. RipContemp. Social Pathology 87Whereas dagga, marihuana or Indian hemp are the top leaves of the plant, Hashish is the resin.
1984D. PinnockBrotherhoods 11Dagga (the local name for marijuana) has a usage in South Africa long predating European colonisation. In our time, however, sale, possession or use is prohibited under the Abuse of Dependence-producing Substances and Rehabilitation Centres Act of 1971.
1989Reader’s Digest Illust. Hist. of S. Afr. 25Dagga (Cannabis sativa)...The actual smoking of dagga by the Khoikhoi and black people of Southern Africa only began after the introduction of the smoking pipe by whites. Prior to this, dagga was chewed, or boiled in an infusion and drunk.
1992South 27 Feb. 6There is considerable debate over the effects of dagga. While most heavy drug users began with dagga, there is no evidence to prove that dagga creates a dependency on hard drugs.
2.Usually with distinguishing epithet, as klipdagga/kləp-/ [Afrikaans, klip rock], red dagga, wild dagga or wilde dagga/vəldə-/ [Afrikaans (earlier South African Dutch), wilde wild]:any of several species of plant of the genus Leonotis of the Lamiaceae, especially the flowering plant Leonotis leonurus, noted for its medicinal properties, and traditionally smoked for its intoxicating effect.
1786G. Forstertr. ofA. Sparrman’s Voy. to Cape of G.H.I. 145Bucku (diosma) and wild dacka (phlomis leonurus)..are known both by the colonists and the Hottentots to be as efficacious as they are common.
1796C.R. Hopsontr. ofC.P. Thunberg’s Trav.II. 191They..take delight in smoaking tobacco, either pure, or mixed with hemp, and, when they cannot procure these, wild Dakka (Phlolmis).
1815J. Mackrill Diary. 96The Wilde Dakka or Phlomis Leon. is applied..in the Cure of venereal Complaints, which it readily eradicates.
1835J.W.D. MoodieTen Yrs in S. Afr.II. 169My father took two or three handfuls of ‘wilde dacha,’ (a kind of wild hemp which grows in rich ground near the coast), and boiled it in a pan, and made the slave drink a cupful every day for two or three weeks; and he made him as well again as he ever was in his life.
1847‘A Bengali’Notes on Cape of G.H. 23They (sc. the San people) are ardent smokers of the ‘dacha’, a kind of hemp, for which the botanical name is, I believe, ‘Plomis leonurus’, which speedily intoxicates, and must be something like our Indian ‘bang’.
1953J. HoyleSome Flowers of Bush 15Wild Dagga belongs to the same family as the Blue Salvia, and flowers at the same time.
1955J.B. ShephardLand of Tikoloshe 8‘There are doubtless herbs in the bush which are good for snake bites.’ One of these..is Red Dagga (Leonotis Leonarius), of which the root only is used..while the leaves of Klip Dagga (Leonotis ovata) are said to cure viper bites.
1974Daily Dispatch 29 June 4I wonder how it came to be called Wild Dagga. No relation at all to the drug plant.
1983P.S. Rabietr. ofNienaber & Raper’s Hottentot Place Names 93Dagga(fontein).., Dagga(kraal).., Dagga(rand).., farms, post office, station, etc. The component dagga (in English dagga and dacha) is the name of the Leonotis leonurus, a species of wild hemp.
1992H. Hutchings inWeekend Post 22 Aug. (Leisure) 7Leonotis leonurus, commonly known as wild dagga, is an attractive large shrub.
1971Sunday Times 21 Mar. 5Informed sources believe that the South African ‘dagga runners,’ who appear to some extent to have become the slaves of big-time racketeers in London, are responsible for much of the alarming increase in hard drug-taking in the Republic.
1972Drum 8 Aug. 20In our games there will also be an event for dagga-runners. What with the many roadblocks they have to hurdle, dagga-running could be an exciting event.
1910J. BuchanPrester John 73He must have been a dacha smoker, for he coughed hideously.
1944I.D. Du PlessisCape Malays 81Dagga smokers make the Quarter unsafe.
1954Off. Yr Bk of Union No. 27, 1952–53 (Bureau of Census & Statistics) 1096The undesirable class which comprises the ‘skollies’, the habitual convicts and ex-convicts, the drunkards, the dagga-smokers, and the habitual smokers.
1971Post 30 May 23As he throws back his head and breathes out the dense smoke a chuckle breaks from his throat. It rises, becomes a bubbly laugh — the laugh of the dagga smoker.
1988E. Pople inYou Jan. 17Most parents do not even know how to recognise the symptoms of a dagga smoker: red eyes, loss of appetite, bottle-necks in evidence, foreign-looking pipes, pieces of neatly rolled up paper,..a nagging cough, headaches.
1990S. Mchunu inNew African 3 Sept. 9When we teamed up with Johnny to form Juluka, the police didn’t want to see us together. Some thought we were dagga smokers or dealers.
1963L.F. FreedCrime in S. Afr. 102Dagga-smoking was so rife in Jeppe that the suburb had earned the nick-name of ‘Dagga Town’.
The marijuana or Indian hemp plant Cannabis sativa of the Cannabaceae; (especially) the dried leaves of this plant, used as a narcotic; boomnoun1; hoenderpoot, see hoender1; insangu; matekwane; parcel2; stop2; tree of knowledge; zolnoun2. Also attributive.
any of several species of plant of the genus Leonotis of the Lamiaceae, especially the flowering plant Leonotis leonurus, noted for its medicinal properties, and traditionally smoked for its intoxicating effect.
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