crawfish, noun

British EnglishFrenchShow more Transferred use of British English crawfish a name applied especially to the langouste Palinurus vulgaris (from French crevice, crevis freshwater crustacean); cf. crayfish.
crayfish. Also attributive.
1853 L. Pappe Synopsis of Edible Fishes 11This crawfish (sc. the Cape lobster, Palinurus lalandii), peculiar only to the West Coast, and common to Table Bay, is easily caught.
1877 S. Turner in D. Child Portrait of Pioneer (1980) 89The Captain and another man went to look for crawfish.
1913 W.W. Thompson Sea Fisheries of Cape Col. 50The crawfish (Palinurus) (Jasus lalandii) is found in very great numbers on the west coast, from Walwich Bay to Cape Point, but does not seem to flourish in any appreciable extent eastwards of that headland.
1940 Act 9 in Stat. of Union 38In this Act, unless inconsistent with the context — ‘crawfish’ means any crawfish, or any part of any crawfish, whether it has been treated or not.
1954 K.H. Barnard S. Afr. Shore-Life 27Farther east, instead of the Cape Crawfish, other species are found which are called stridentes or noisy Crawfishes...Gilchrist’s Crawfish from the Agulhas Bank has the two short whips on each of the shorter feelers...The Port Elizabeth a squat form.
1961 Cape Times 21 July 11Our kreef which still appears as crayfish or crawfish on Cape restaurant menus, is the langouste. We changed our kreef from crawfish to rock lobster to please American taste. It seems they despise the small, river crawfish with which they are familiar.
1964 L.G. Green Old Men Say 121Fish soups are served occasionally at the Cape, a very good crawfish soup and a so-called Bisque Blaauwberg which is a puree of mussels.
1973 L. Dickson in Cape Times 2 July 5The Cape Times helpfully explained the difference between crayfish, crawfish, kreef, rock lobster and langouste...It leaves me as confused as ever.
crayfish. Also attributive.
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