1899W.J.K. LittleSketches & StudiesII. 127It was required that he (sc. a Khoikhoi) should have..a ‘pass’ or certificate when moving from place to place, and should be fined or punished as a vagrant if unable, when required, to produce this pass.
1941C.W. De KiewietHist. of S. Afr. 45They were naturally inclined to arrest the Hottentot as a vagabond and compel him to take service or achieve the same result by refusing him the pass or certificate without which he could not move from one district to another.
1902 inStat. Law of Tvl 1839–1910 (1910) II. 871Any native found in any street public place or thoroughfare..between the hours of nine pm. and four am. without a written pass or certificate..shall be liable to a fine.