1798S.H. Wilcocketr. ofJ.S. Stavorinus’s Voy. to E. IndiesI. 558The wild animals, which are found in the country, and among which the lion, the tiger, the leopard, the buffalo, and the ape are enumerated, are now far removed from the Cape, and are seldom seen near it.
1824W.J. BurchellTrav.II. 250The name of buffalo, presents another example of the misapplication of European names to the wild animals of Southern Africa.
1834T. PringleAfr. Sketches 270The buffalo is a very formidable and powerful animal. He is considerably larger than the domestic ox.
1847J. BarrowAutobiog. Memoir 160One of the farmer’s Hottentots brought down a large male buffalo (Bos Caffer), the strongest and the fiercest of the bovine genus.
1858T. Shone Diary. 13 Jan.Henry and the boy’s was hunting the Buffalow.
1900W.L. SclaterMammals of S. Afr.I. 258The buffalo is generally reckoned the most dangerous of South African animals.
1836A.F. GardinerJourney to Zoolu Country 113Observed the buffalo-birds very busily employed, perched upon the backs of the oxen; they are generally found where cattle or buffaloes are numerous, living upon the insect which they find in their coats; they are larger than a swallow, with a thick red bill.
1857D. LivingstoneMissionary Trav. 545Buffalo-birds act the part of guardian spirits to the animals.
[1896H.A. BrydenTales of S. Afr. 236Numbers of the weaver birds (Bubalornis erythorhyncus) always found associating with buffalo, are here...A few white egrets, apparently as fearless of the great quadrupeds as the buffalo birds, add beauty to the scene.]
1824W.J. BurchellTrav.II. 20Our good-fortune conducted us by a solitary Buffalo-thorn (Buffel doorn) where we found a small pond of fresh water.
1929J. Stevenson-HamiltonLow-Veld 50The trees are mainly acacias or buffalo thorn (Zizyphus mucronata), equipped for the most part with an armament of hooks and spikes which must be seen to be believed.
1958R.E. LightonOut of Strong 100In the hollows the apiesdorings spread their branches above copses of rough-barked, russet-leaved tambootie trees and glossy green buffalo thorns.
1961Palmer & PitmanTrees of S. Afr. 259The buffalo-thorn, or as it is more frequently known, the blinkblaar-wag-’n-bietjie, is a familiar tree or shrub in many parts of South Africa.
1976E. Prov. Herald 21 Oct. 4Invader plants that caused the greatest problem in the mountainous parts of the Eastern Karroo Region were the broom bush, taaibos or kraaibossie, leucosidea, rhinoceros bush, resin bush and buffalo thorn.
1990L. Van Hoven inS. Afr. Panorama May–June 27The main kraal of the mighty..Zulu king, Shaka, among hills and buffalo-thorn.
1991Best of S. Afr. Short Stories (Reader’s Digest Assoc.) 104The buffalo thorn..was another source of medicine. A poultice of the powdered and baked roots was applied to relieve pain, and skin infections were treated with a paste made from the leaves.