buck doctor, noun phrase

AfrikaansShow more Calque formed on Afrikaans bokdokter, bok goat (cf. buck noun1 sense 2) + dokter doctor. Said to have been a nickname first given to a particular veterinary surgeon, D. Hutcheon, who, at the turn of the century, was well known for his campaign for the eradication of ‘lungsickness’.
A veterinary surgeon.
1896 R. Wallace Farming Indust. of Cape Col. 277One farmer, in all seriousness, associated the increase of disease with the presence of the Veterinary Advisor — familiarly called the ‘Bok’ or ‘Buck-doctor.’
1913 C. Pettman Africanderisms 94Buck doctor,..The name by which the Government veterinary surgeon is known among the rural population of the Midlands, because the earliest efforts of these ‘Vets’ were directed to the stamping out of contagious lung disease among goats.
A veterinary surgeon.
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