DSAE test file

brown, adjective and noun

Forms:
Also with initial capital.
Origin:
English, AfrikaansShow more English; in certain senses, perhaps influenced by Afrikaans bruin ‘coloured’, bruinmense ‘coloured’ people.
A. adjective
1. In historical contexts. Of the Khoikhoi. Also used absolutely.
1837 J.E. Alexander Narr. of Voy. I. 322A long wagon would pass..drawn by a span of ten or fourteen oxen under the guidance of a voorloper, a brown boy.
1968 K. McMagh Dinner of Herbs 27He allowed the old Hottentot to take charge. It was the old brown man who gave the orders.
2. coloured participial adjective sense a.
a. As a qualifier in the following noun phrases: brown Afrikaner [probably a translation of Afrikaans bruin Afrikaner ‘coloured’ Afrikaner (see Afrikaner)], a ‘coloured’ person; brown Nat [see Nat], a ‘coloured’ member of the National Party; brown people [translation of Afrikaans bruinmense ‘coloured’ people], a collective name for the ‘coloured’ community.
1898 W.C. Scully Vendetta 95He had heard that ‘brown people’ were whipped in Cape Town if they stole, which was quite right if they stole when they were not hungry.
1995 C. Lawrance in Natal Witness 3 Jan. 7Japie, the brown builder.
b. Simple adjectival uses.
1960 D.P. de V. Graaff (broadsheet)Let us get away from the idea at once that we can sit in a White citadel and quarrel about what shall be done about the Black and brown peoples outside, as our Nationalist friends want to do.
1973 Weekend Post 30 June 3We Coloured people are South Africans, not Brown South Africans.
3. obsolete. Of any group which is not white; cf. black adjective sense 2.
1906 W.S. Johnson Orangia 5Some hungry little Bushman might drive several of them (sc. oxen) off..or..a mob of angry Kaffirs..might even rush in and try to steal or kill...Many a boy, not older than you..had to use his rifle and take away a brown man’s life rather than lose his own.
4. Of any of several dark-skinned groups which are not African.
1977 Std Bank Review Apr. 2Considerations outside the realm of economic policy dictated..much higher outlays on improved social services, housing and education of the country’s brown and black population.
1993 H. Tyson Editors under Fire 13Black editors and brown editors took different sides from each other in their debates with white editors, who also adopted a variety of positions.
B. noun
1. A ‘coloured’ person (see coloured noun sense a).
1861 H. Rabone in A. Rabone Rec. of Pioneer Family (1966) 123I have not the slightest disgust to blacks or browns, can touch them, nurse them and get on very well with their race.
1990 Weekend Post 5 May 10‘I’m staying here,’ called a Nationalist member. ‘Then we will reclassify you,’ offered Mr Curry. The Nationalist member could be an honorary brown.
2. Military. Always in the plural : A colloquial name for the brown uniform of the South African National Defence Forces; cf. nutria. Also with qualifier, bush-browns.
1979 National Serviceman, InformantBrowns are hell to iron. You’ve got to have sharp lines straight up the sleeves and overall pants, leg-pockets and all.
1993 A. Vinassa in Femina Sept. 50A Buffel full of soldiers dressed in browns sits parked on the pavement.
Of the Khoikhoi. Also used absolutely.
a collective name for the ‘coloured’ community.
Simple adjectival uses.
Of any group which is not white;
Of any of several dark-skinned groups which are not African.
A ‘coloured’ person (see colourednouna).
A colloquial name for the brown uniform of the South African National Defence Forces;

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18371995