1911Farmer’s Weekly 4 Oct. 127 (advt)Little’s Fluid Dip...Experienced Farmers have proved Little’s Fluid to be a certain cure for and preventative of Bloed-Pens in Lambs.
1914Farmer’s Annual 133In some districts it is known by the farmers as ‘Bloedpens’, owing to the blood-coloured appearance of the lining membrane of the stomach, which is highly congested, or a purple colour, and presents a soft, flabby appearance.
1937Handbk for Farmers (Dept of Agric. & Forestry) 491Bloedpens is a disease occurring in lambs in the first week of life. The symptoms are..abdominal pain and usually a diarrhoea.
1957Handbk for Farmers (Dept of Agric.)III. 366The unmistakable signs of ‘bloedpens’ are seen when a carcase is opened: the intestines are filled with gas and the mucous membrane of the small intestine is swollen, dark red, and is bloody over large areas.
1970D.M. McMasterInformant, Cathcart (E. Cape)The Afrikaans words for vaccines are used more than the English equivalents even by English-speaking farmers — e.g. the vaccine against lamb dysentery is always called bloedpens vaccine.
1976Mönnig & VeldmanHandbk on Stock Diseases 23Lamb Dysentery (Bloedpens)..is an acute gastro-enteritis of lambs during the first few days of life. It is caused by Clostridium welchii and occurs in areas with a severe winter.
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