blauwbok, noun

Forms:
blaauwbok, blaawbokShow more Also blaauwbok, blaawbok, blaawebock, blaubock, blauwboc, blauwe bok, blaw-bock.
Plurals:
unchanged, or blauwbokke /ˈbləʊˌbɔkə/.
Origin:
South African DutchShow more South African Dutch, blauw blue + bok antelope, goat.
historical
1. Either of two antelopes of the genus Hippotragus:
a. The extinct South African antelope H. leucophaeus, in the past found only in the south-western Cape; bloubok; blue buck sense 2; tzeiran.
[1731 G. Medley tr. of P. Kolben’s Present State of Cape of G.H. II. 114The Blew Goats are shap’d like the Tame, but are as large as an European Hart. Their Hair is very short and of a delicate Blew..their Beards, which are pretty long, add not a little to their comliness.]
1786 G. Forster tr. of A. Sparrman’s Voy. to Cape of G.H. II. 219The blaauw-bok is also one of the large species of gazel.
1790 tr. of F. Le Vaillant’s Trav. II. 130My hunter stopping all of a sudden, called out to me that he perceived a blaw-bock, a blue goat..the most curious and beautiful species of antelope that Africa produces...This antelope has been described by Pennant under the name of the blue antelope, and by Buffon under that of the tseiran.
1821 C.I. Latrobe Jrnl of Visit 561Blaubock, Antilope leucophaea. This is a large animal and very different from the little one of the Zuureveld.
1832 Penny Cyclopaedia II. 88The Blauwbok..is six feet in length.
1905 W.L. Sclater in Flint & Gilchrist Science in S. Afr. 122The Blaauwbok (Hippotragus leucophæs), an antelope resembling the Roan, but somewhat smaller and without the black face markings, was even then on the verge of extinction; the last one of which we have any record having been obtained by Lichtenstein, a German traveller, in 1799.
c1936 S. & E. Afr. Yr Bk & Guide 1094The great blauwbok (H. leucophoeus), nearly related to but somewhat smaller than the roan antelope, was once very common in the Swellendam district, but has long been exterminated, probably since about 1800.
1948 A.C. White Call of Bushveld 89Several species or sub species of zebra have disappeared and so has the blaauwbok. The extinct zebras and blaauwbok were probably merely varieties of the respective species to which..they belonged.
1989 D. Day Encycl. of Vanished Species 191The first African animal to disappear in historic times was the Blue Buck or Blaauwbok (Hippotragus leucophaeus), a relative of the Roan and Sable Antelopes, which lived only in Zwellendam province of the old Cape Colony and became extinct within eighty years of its discovery.
b. The roan antelope, H. equinus. Also attributive.
1866 J. Leyland Adventures 116I was anxious to obtain a specimen of the Bastard Gemsboc (Antelope Leucophaea) or Roan Antelope, also known as the Blauwboc.
1874 A. Edgar in Friend 4 JuneWhat was my joy to find that the animal when it emerged from the tree was a large ‘blaauwbok ram’.
1900 W.L. Sclater Mammals of S. Afr. I. 216Blaauw-bok of the colonists, not to be confounded with the Blaauw bokje or little blue buck (Cephalophus monticola).
1936 E.C. Llewellyn Influence of Low Dutch 163Blauwbok (1786) is named from its colour, blue, an effect produced by its black hide showing through its ashy-grey hair.
2. The blue duiker (see duiker sense 1 b), Philantomba monticola.
1834 T. Pringle Afr. Sketches 273The blaauwbok, or pigmy antelope..seldom exceeds ten inches in height.
1835 J.W.D. Moodie Ten Yrs in S. Afr. II. 139The woods also abound with large wood-antelopes, and an elegant little antelope not more than a foot in height, called the ‘blaawe bock,’ or blue buck.
1837 N. Polson Subaltern’s Sick Leave 123A blauwbok, a very beautiful pigmy antelope..of a bluish slate colour (whence its name.) These diminutive animals frequent the thick woods which they seldom quit, but run from bush to bush a few yards distance and round in circles.
[1900 W.L. Sclater Mammals of S. Afr. I. 163The blue duiker, Blaauwbok or Kleenebok of the Dutch colonists..[is] the smallest of South African antelopes...The alarm cry is a sharp whistling shriek.]
The extinct South African antelope H. leucophaeus, in the past found only in the south-western Cape; bloubok; blue buck2; tzeiran.
The roan antelope, H. equinus. Also attributive.
The blue duikerduiker1 b, Philantomba monticola.
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17311989