blaatgham, blatchamShow more Formerly also blaatgham, blatcham, blatchang.
Afrikaans, MalayShow more Afrikaans, from Malay belachan a shrimp and fish condiment.
It is probable that in late 19th century Afrikaans this word still had two meanings: A. Pannevis’s Afskrif van Lys van Afrikaanse Woorde en Uitdrukkings (1880) defines ‘Bladjang’ as being made of dried chillies and stewed dried apricots in vinegar; H.C.V. Leibbrandt’s Het Kaapsch Hollandsch (1882) lists ‘Balachan’ and ‘Blatchong’, both with the same meaning as the Malay belachan; and the Woordelijst van het Transvaalsch Taaleigen (1890) includes ‘Blatjang’, defined as ‘een zeker gerecht’ (a certain dish).
A tangy sauce made of dried fruit (usually apricots) and chillies cooked in vinegar; chutney. Also attributive.
1890A.G. HewittCape Cookery 86Cape Blatcham. 1 lb. of chillies, 1 table spoonful salt, ½ lb. almonds...Mix all the ingredients and boil in 3 bottles of vinegar to the required consistency.
1891J.P. Legg inCape Illust. Mag.I. 96The word ‘Blatjang’ no doubt has an Indian origin and the same may be said of ‘Chutney,’ though this can hardly be claimed as an exclusively Cape word.
1902H.J. DuckittHilda’s Diary of Cape Hsekeeper 69Blatjang made this way will keep for a year. I have sent it to England several times, and have had orders for another supply from those who prefer it to chutney.
1913C. PettmanAfricanderisms 65Blatcham or Blatjang,..A relish made with dried apricots, peaches, quinces, raisins, chillies, vinegar, etc.
1913D.S.G. Bk of Recipes 52Blaatgham. 1lb. dried apricots boiled to a pulp. 1lb. chillies (ground) [etc.].
1932S. Afr. Medical Jrnl inPersonality 27 Aug., 1970 160 (advt)Mrs Ball’s Chutney..is a variety of the old Cape ‘blatjang’ sauce, prepared from dried fruits and sugar, of a consistency similar to the blatjangs so popular some generations ago.
1947L.G. GreenTavern of Seas 65Blatjang (the Malay condiment of apricots soaked in vinegar, red chillies and coriander seeds).
1950H. GerberCape Cookery 126Blatjang. Slice 1 onion and dry it in the oven. Then pound it. Boil 1 pound dried apricots until they are soft..add the onions and some chilli powder to make it hot.
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