DSAE test file

SAP, noun1

Forms:
Also S.A.P., Sap.
Origin:
Initial letters of South African Party.
1. /es eɪ ˈpiː/ in historical contexts. Any of several political groupings, but especially: a. A party representing conciliation between white English- and Afrikaans-speaking people, founded in 1911 after Union by Generals Smuts and Botha, and fusing with the Nationalist Party in 1934 to form the United Party (see UP); Nationalist Party sense (a), see Nationalist noun sense c; see also Unionist, volk sense 3 a i. b. A short-lived party (from 1977 to 80) formed by a conservative group which broke away from the United Party. Also attributive.
1908 Star 3 Feb. 7S.A.P. Leaders...The South African Party..is likely to be in power for years to come.
1989 Reader’s Digest Illust. Hist. of S. Afr. 346In December 1984, after a long debate and acrimonious splits in both the NP and the SAP, the United South African National Party (later the United Party) came into being.
2. /sap/, /sæp; es eɪ ˈpiː/. Plural Saps, Sappe /ˈsapə/. a. in historical contexts. A member or supporter of the South African Party. b. in historical contexts. A (conservative) member or supporter of the United Party (see UP); see also bloedsap. c. in historical contexts. In the plural : The South African Party; the United Party; collectively, the members of either party. d. transferred sense. Any conservative opposition politician. Also attributive.
Note:
Used chiefly as an acronym, frequently in contrast to ‘Nat’ (see Nat noun sense a).
1920 S. Black Dorp 9The scornful word ‘Sappers’, which he knew to be a term of contempt applied by members of Hertzog’s Party (the Nationalists) to all those of the Botha-Smuts element or ‘SAP’ (South African Party).
A. Van WykBirth of New Afrikanerbloedsap
1991 [see Engelsman sense 2].

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19081991