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quagga, noun

Forms:
kwaga, kwaggaShow more Also kwaga, kwagga, and (formerly) kwakka, quacha, quager, quagger, quaggha, quagha, quaker, quakka, qwagga.
Plurals:
unchanged, or quaggas.
Origin:
South African Dutch, Khoikhoi, XhosaShow more South African Dutch (probably from Khoikhoi), onomatopoeic, named for the braying of the species; current in Xhosa as iqwarha quagga, Burchell’s zebra, mountain zebra.
1.
a. Any of several zebras of the Equidae. i. The extinct Equus quagga; mountain zebra sense (c), see mountain; wild ass, see wild sense b. ii. Burchell’s zebra, E. burchelli; bontequagga, bontquagga, see sense 1 b below; mountain zebra sense (b), see mountain. iii. The mountain zebra (sense (a) see mountain), E. zebra zebra. Also attributive.
Note:
In earlier times the distinctions between the different species were not always noted, but the name ‘quagga’ is now used primarily for the extinct Equus quagga, a zebra once found at the southern tip of Africa and now recognised, from genetic information, as a sub-species of E. burchelli (see quotation 1991).
[1776 F. Masson in Phil. Trans. of Royal Soc. LXVI. 297We saw numbers of wild animals, and in particular a variety of the Zebra, called by the Hottentots Opeagha.]
1993 Sunday Times 16 May 2Reproduction history is to be made on Tuesday when South African scientists implant a zebra embryo into a horse in an attempt to revive the extinct quagga.
b. With defining word:
bergquagga /bɜːɡ-/, /bɛ(r)x-/, /beəx-/ [Afrikaans, berg mountain], the mountain zebra sense (a) (see mountain), Equus zebra zebra;
bontequagga, bontquagga /ˈbɔnt(ə)-/, also (formerly) bonti quagga, [Afrikaans, bont see bont], E. burchelli (see sense 1 a ii above).
1970 J.F. Prinsloo Informant, Lüderitz (Namibia)Bergquagga, a type of zebra found in the eastern Karoo, and should not be confused with the quagga that became extinct around 1870.
1990 Skinner & Smithers Mammals of Sn Afr. Subregion 719The name quagga was applied to E. burchelli as well, although later bontquagga was used.
2. Special Combinations
quagga bok obsolete [South African Dutch bok antelope], some unknown animal;
quagga moed /-mʊt/ [Afrikaans moed courage], see quotation 1948;
quagga quick obsolete, quick sense 1 a.
1835 A. Smith Diary (1940) II. 79Quagga bok: About the size of a spring bok; striped blackish and dull white down the sides.
1913 C. Pettman Africanderisms 388Quagga quick,..The name given to a species of grass that springs up in the Karoo veld after heavy rains.
Any of several zebras of the Equidae. i. The extinct Equus quagga; mountain zebra sense (c), see mountain; wild ass, see wildb. ii. Burchell’s zebra, E. burchelli; bontequagga, bontquagga, see 1 b below; mountain zebra sense (b), see mountain. iii. The mountain zebra (sense (a) see mountain), E. zebra zebra. Also attributive.

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17761993