DSAE test file

Natal, noun

Origin:
PortugueseShow more Portuguese Natal Christmas Day; the region being so named by Vasco da Gama because its coast was first sighted on Christmas Day, 1497.
A name given to that area of South Africa situated on the east coast between the Umtamvuna river in the south, and the Swaziland and Mozambique borders in the north.
Note:
Historically one of the four provinces of the Union (later Republic) of South Africa, Natal was formally renamed ‘KwaZulu-Natal’ in 1994. Used attributively, in combining forms, and in special collocations.
a.
Natal Code Law (in historical contexts), a collection of laws promulgated in 1891 controlling all aspects of the lives of black people in Natal ;
Natal Fever colloquial, apathy or chronic languor, induced by heat and humidity ;
Natal rum obsolete, a spirit distilled from sugar refuse ;
Natal sore Pathology, a bacterial skin condition characterized by spreading ulcers; cf. veld sore (see veld sense 5) .
1932 Union Govt document (title)Natal Code of Native Law.
1951 G. Panja in R.B.H. Gradwohl Clin. Trop. Med. 641Tropical Phagedenic Ulcer,..Synonyms..Natal sore.
b. In the names of plants:
Natal bottlebrush, see bottlebrush;
Natal cotton plant, the plant Ipomoea mauritiana of the Convolvulaceae;
Natal ebony obsolete, the umzimbeet, Millettia grandis;
Natal ivy, the succulent plant Senecio macroglossus of the Asteraceae;
Natal lily, any of several bulbous plants: (a) Gladiolus dalenii of the Iridaceae; (b) Clivia miniata, any of several species of Crinum, or Amaryllis belladonna, all of the Amaryllidaceae;
Natal mahogany, either of two evergreen, timber-bearing trees: (a) Trichilia emetica of the Meliaceae; its wood; Cape Mahogany sense (a), see Cape sense 2 a; essenhout sense b; umkhuhlu; (b) ?obsolete Kiggelaria africana of the Flacourtiaceae;
Natal beefsteak mushroom, see beefsteak mushroom sense a;
Natal plum, the amatungulu, Carissa macrocarpa.
1868 W.H. Harvey Genera of S. Afr. Plants 254B[atata] paniculata, or ‘Natal Cotton-plant,’ a widely-dispersed tropical species, grows at Natal.
1989 Your Gardening Questions Answered (Reader’s Digest Assoc.) 328Carissa,..Also called amatungulu or Natal plum.
c. In the names of birds and insects:
Natal fly obsolete, the Tumbu or skin maggot-fly Cordylobia anthropophaga of the Calliphoridae, the larvae of which burrow into and feed upon human flesh;
Natal francolin (formerly also Natal pheasant), the francolin Francolinus natalensis; bush partridge sense (b) and coast partridge, see partridge sense b; coast pheasant, see pheasant sense b; Namaqua pheasant, see Namaqua noun sense 2;
Natal robin-chat, now usually Natal robin, the bird Cossypha natalensis of the Turdidae, with greyish-brown back and orange breast.
1905 Addresses & Papers (Brit. & S. Afr. Assoc. Agric. Science) III. 532 (Pettman)The Natal fly is said to occur; its larva causes annoyance by burrowing into the human skin, where it pupates and causes painful inflammation.
1991 Philatelic Bulletin (No. 46)The Natal Robin frequents the evergreen forests, feeding on insects and arachnids on the dimly-lit forest floor...It is most often noted by its repetitive bisyllabic purring call.
A name given to that area of South Africa situated on the east coast between the Umtamvuna river in the south, and the Swaziland and Mozambique borders in the north.
a collection of laws promulgated in 1891 controlling all aspects of the lives of black people in Natal
apathy or chronic languor, induced by heat and humidity
a spirit distilled from sugar refuse
a bacterial skin condition characterized by spreading ulcers;
Derivatives:
Hence Nataliana noun [English suffix -ana, -iana (from Latin), denoting collectables], artefacts and collectables of historical interest pertaining to Natal; Nataline adjective nonce, Natalian adjective; Natalite noun  historical [English technical name-forming suffix -ite], see quotation 1982.
1950 H. Gibbs Twilight in S. Afr. 89Nataline Tapestry.
1982 G. Knox Estate Wines 16During the last two years of the war, Natal sugar farmers were distilling ethyl alcohol from unwanted molasses. Together, the wine and sugar industries produced a combustible spirit which was used as a substitute for almost unattainable petrol. This product, named ‘Natalite’, was the KWV’s first venture. It was..a commercial failure.