DSAE test file

homeland, noun

Origin:
English, Afrikaans, DutchShow more Special sense of general English homeland the land which is one’s home, one’s native land, probably influenced by the official Afrikaans equivalent tuisland (tuis at home, ‘at ease’, from Dutch thuis, blend of te at + huis house, home).
historical
1. Any of ten quasi-autonomous regions — one for each of the officially recognized black peoples of South Africa — which, during the apartheid era, became or were intended to become self-governing (or ‘independent’) states, and which for a time were the only areas in which blacks born in South Africa were legally entitled to claim citizenship and permanent residence; bantustan sense 2; national state sense 1; stan (see noun at -stan suffix); cf. Blackstan (see -stan). Also attributive, and transferred sense, denoting any similar ethnically-based region. See also city state, self-governing, reserve, separate development, territorial authority, tribal authority.
Note:
The creation of ten ethnic ‘homelands’ was the main feature of grand apartheid; Transkei, Bophuthatswana, Venda, and Ciskei later became ‘independent’ states, funded by South Africa, before the policy was abandoned; Gazankulu, KaNgwane, KwaNdebele, KwaZulu, Lebowa, and Qwaqwa had, for a time, a certain local autonomy within South Africa. These ‘states’ were recognized by few foreign governments. See also TBVC.
Note:
Although all ‘homelands’ were re-incorporated into South Africa in 1994, the word is still sometimes used of any area which was formerly independent or semi-autonomous.
1959 Memorandum: Promotion of Bantu Self Govt Bill 8The objects can be outlined as follows...The creation of homogeneous administrative areas for the Bantu by uniting the members of each Bantu national group in one national unit, concentrated in one coherent homeland where possible.
1994 Natal Witness 3 Jan. 2Chairman Yasser Arafat..likened Israel’s self-rule plans for Palestinians to South Africa’s black homelands or bantustans.
2. Special Combinations
homeland policy, homelands policy, the National Party’s plan of creating self-governing black states;
homeland system, homelands system, the homeland policy as implemented.
1974 Post 28 July 2It was unanimously agreed to challenge Mr Sam Solomon the elected Labourite for Newclare to resign his CRC seat and re-contest it on his ‘homeland’ policy.
1992 Natal Witness 6 Nov. 2The minister of constitutional development..yesterday rejected the notion that the government wants to retain the present homeland system by way of regionalism in a new constitution.
Any of ten quasi-autonomous regions — one for each of the officially recognized black peoples of South Africa — which, during the apartheid era, became or were intended to become self-governing (or ‘independent’) states, and which for a time were the only areas in which blacks born in South Africa were legally entitled to claim citizenship and permanent residence; bantustan2; national state1; stan (see noun at -stansuffix);
Derivatives:
Hence (nonce) homelander noun, one supporting the idea of a homeland.
1986 Sunday Times 20 July 18The white homeland prophets are hard at work..trying to secure the town (sc. Morgenzon) as the growth point for their whites-only Oranjeland...Apart from the ultra-right-wing white homelanders, few people know where Morgenzon is.

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19591994