DSAE test file

duiker, noun

Forms:
dekker, duckerShow more Also dekker, ducker, duyker, dyker.
Plurals:
duikers, or unchanged.
Origin:
South African Dutch, DutchShow more South African Dutch, transferred uses of Dutch duiker diver (from duiken to dive).
1. [Named in South African Dutch for their characteristic behaviour, especially when fleeing (see quotation 1896).]
a. Any of several species of small antelope of the genera Philantomba and Sylvicapra of the Bovidae; diker-buck; diver sense 2; diving goat; duikerbok. Also attributive.
1777 G. Forster Voy. round World I. 84The duyker or diving antelope..is not yet sufficiently known.
1991 H. Hutchings in Weekend Post 30 Mar. (Leisure) 7Mr and Mrs Beukes have regular visits from grysbok and dyker in their garden.
b. With distinguishing epithet, denoting a particular species of antelope:
blue duiker, the smallest southern African antelope Philantomba (or Cephalophus) monticola; blauwbok sense 2; bloubokkie; bluebok; blue buck sense 1; ipiti;
common duiker or grey duiker, the widely distributed antelope Sylvicapra grimmia; impunzi; puti;
red duiker, Philantomba natalensis, chestnut in colour.
1900 W.L. Sclater Mammals of S. Afr. I. 164The blue duiker was known to the travellers of the end of the last century.
1990 Clinning & Fourie in Fauna & Flora No.47, 16Red duikers are inhabitants of moist forests and coastal scrub, and occur from the southern Sudan southwards..to as far south as Natal.
c. combinations
duikerwortel /-vɔːtəl/, /-vɔrtəl/ [Afrikaans, wortel root] , any of several species of the plant Grielum of the Rosaceae, the rootstock of which is said to be favoured by duikers.
1966 C.A. Smith Common Names 205Duikerwortel, Grielum marlothii...The plants are said to be a good and fattening stock feed. The succulent rootstock..is a favourite food of the duiker buck.
1983 M.M. Kidd Cape Peninsula 134Grielum grandiflorum...Duikerwortel. Prostrate or straggling.
2.
a. [Named for its characteristic feeding behaviour.] Any of several species of cormorant of the Phalacrocoracidae, occurring in both marine and inland waters; diver sense 1. See also sense 2 b.
1838 D. Moodie (tr. of J. Van Riebeeck’s Jrnl) in Record I. 13The yacht returned from Robben Island, bringing about an hundred black birds, called duikers, (cormorants) of a good flavour.
1988 J.A. Brown Mousanzia 1‘Keep your eyes peeled for duikers, Black Mo’...Soon the dark-winged birds would be leaving their roosts on the rocky ledges of Seal Island.
b. With distinguishing epithet, denoting species of water bird:
i. Any of several species of cormorant:
bank duiker, Phalacrocorax neglectus;
reed duiker, P. africanus;
trek-duiker [Afrikaans, trek, see trek noun], the Cape cormorant (see Cape sense 2 a), P. capensis;
white-breasted duiker, P. carbo.
1931 R.C. Bolster Land & Sea Birds 202The..Bank Duiker, which generally goes in small parties of three and four, frequents the fishing-banks.
1950 [see quot. at bank duiker above].
ii.
sweet-water duiker, the darter Anhinga melanogaster of the Anhingidae.
1867 E.L. Layard Birds of S. Afr. 378Plotus congensis..Sweet-water Duiker...The ‘Anhinga,’ ‘Snake-bird,’ or ‘Darter,’ is not unfrequent in certain localities.
Any of several species of small antelope of the genera Philantomba and Sylvicapra of the Bovidae; diker-buck; diver2; diving goat; duikerbok. Also attributive.
, any of several species of the plant Grielum of the Rosaceae, the rootstock of which is said to be favoured by duikers.
Any of several species of cormorant of the Phalacrocoracidae, occurring in both marine and inland waters; diver1.