α.Boschjesman, BosheesmanShow more Boschjesman, Bosheesman, Boshie-man, Boshies-man, Boshis-man, Bosjeman, Bosjesman, Bossies Mann, Bosyesman; β.Boscheman, BoschmanShow more Boscheman, Boschman, Boshman; γ.Boejesman, BojesmanShow more Boejesman, Bojesman, Boojesman.
Dutch, Show more Dutch, bosch or (diminutive) boschje, bosje bush + linking phoneme -s- + man man; originally meaning ‘bush man’ or bandit, Bosjesman was a Dutch name for a member of the San people (see quotation 1992).
1.Plural Bosjesmanns, Bosjesmans, Bosjesmen.San sense 1. So (obsolete) Bosjes menschen or Bosjes peoplenoun phrases, Bosjes womannoun phrase, and Boschienoun [see -ie]. Also attributive, and figurative.Cf. Bushadjective2.
1786G. Forstertr. ofA. Sparrman’s Voy. to Cape of G.H.I. 197There is another species of Hottentots, who have got the name of Boshies-men, from dwelling in woody or mountainous places.
1786G. Forstertr. ofA. Sparrman’s Voy. to Cape of G.H.II. 31He had caught..three old Boshies-women with their children, with an intention to take them home to his master for slaves.
1795C.R. Hopsontr. ofC.P. Thunberg’s Trav.I. 132These Hottentots were Boshiesmen, of a dark brown complexion.
1795F. Kersteins inG.M. ThealRec. of Cape Col. (1897) I. 168They are incessantly harrassed by the Bossies Manns (a Species of Hottentots).
1798Earl Macartney inS.D. NaudéKaapse Plakkaatboek (1950) V. 141The Bosheesmen are to be..left in possession of their just rights and habitations and are not to be molested..on any pretence whatsoever.
1799Lady A. BarnardLett. to Henry Dundas (1973) 187There is something singularly delicate in the make of the Boshie men, their arms so finely turned — hands so small.
1804R. PercivalAcct of Cape of G.H. 95The Boschies are looked upon as of a more cruel, hardened and savage disposition than the Hottentots at the Cape.
1812A. Plumptretr. ofH. Lichtenstein’s Trav. in Sn Afr. (1928) I. 56The Bosjesman race. [Note] A tribe of savage Hottentots who lurk about among the shrubs and bushes, whence they sally out to plunder travellers.
1828Ordinance 49 inStat. Law of Cape of G.H. (1862) 128It shall and may be lawful for the Governor of this colony..to authorise and direct the admission into the colony of any Kafirs, Gonaquas, Tambookies, Griquas, Bosjesmen, Bechuanas, Mantatees, Namaquas, or other natives of the interior of Africa.
1847J. BarrowAutobiog. Memoir 174A singular people, known by the name of Bosjesman, from their living and concealing themselves among the bushes or thickets.
[1873W.G. Atherstone inA.M.L. RobinsonSel. Articles from Cape Monthly Mag. (1978) 99The Boer..called it simply ‘kaup’,..the home of the ostrich and the wild baboon, and the still wilder men of the rocks and bush, die bosjes menschen.]
1876F. BoyleSavage Life 3The diamond country was haunted by the dreaded Bushmen or Bosjesmen, and kindred tribes.
[1992Weekend Post 15 Aug. (Leisure) 5The Khoikhoi, their nearest relatives, called her people San; the Dutch named them Bosjemans. They themselves had no name for their ethnic group, referring by name only to their own bands and the few other bands they knew.]
[1773J. Cook inJ. HawkesworthAcct of Voy.III. 386All..are friendly and peaceable, except one clan that is settled to the eastward, which the Dutch call Boschmen, and these live entirely by plunder, or rather by theft.]