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blauwbok, noun

Forms:
blaauwbok, blaawbokShow more Also blaauwbok, blaawbok, blaawebock, blaubock, blauwboc, blauwe bok, blaw-bock.
Plurals:
unchanged, or blauwbokke /ˈbləʊˌbɔkə/.
Origin:
South African DutchShow more South African Dutch, blauw blue + bok antelope, goat.
historical
1. Either of two antelopes of the genus Hippotragus:
a. The extinct South African antelope H. leucophaeus, in the past found only in the south-western Cape; bloubok; blue buck sense 2; tzeiran.
[1731 G. Medley tr. of P. Kolben’s Present State of Cape of G.H. II. 114The Blew Goats are shap’d like the Tame, but are as large as an European Hart. Their Hair is very short and of a delicate Blew..their Beards, which are pretty long, add not a little to their comliness.]
1989 D. Day Encycl. of Vanished Species 191The first African animal to disappear in historic times was the Blue Buck or Blaauwbok (Hippotragus leucophaeus), a relative of the Roan and Sable Antelopes, which lived only in Zwellendam province of the old Cape Colony and became extinct within eighty years of its discovery.
b. The roan antelope, H. equinus. Also attributive.
1866 J. Leyland Adventures 116I was anxious to obtain a specimen of the Bastard Gemsboc (Antelope Leucophaea) or Roan Antelope, also known as the Blauwboc.
1936 E.C. Llewellyn Influence of Low Dutch 163Blauwbok (1786) is named from its colour, blue, an effect produced by its black hide showing through its ashy-grey hair.
2. The blue duiker (see duiker sense 1 b), Philantomba monticola.
1834 T. Pringle Afr. Sketches 273The blaauwbok, or pigmy antelope..seldom exceeds ten inches in height.
[1900 W.L. Sclater Mammals of S. Afr. I. 163The blue duiker, Blaauwbok or Kleenebok of the Dutch colonists..[is] the smallest of South African antelopes...The alarm cry is a sharp whistling shriek.]
The extinct South African antelope H. leucophaeus, in the past found only in the south-western Cape; bloubok; blue buck2; tzeiran.
The roan antelope, H. equinus. Also attributive.
The blue duikerduiker1 b, Philantomba monticola.

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17311989